Russia’s Armata May Show Combat Capabilities in September


The new Armata armored tracked platform has reportedly combined and assimilated all the last decade’s major developments and innovations in battle vehicle design and construction.
The platform’s chief tank (T-14) sports an unmanned remotely controlled turret armed with a brand new 125 mm 2A82-1M smoothbore cannon. Its muzzle energy is greater than one of the world’s previously considered best cannons: the German Leopard-2 Rheinmetall 120 mm gun.
The 125 mm gun has 15-20 percent improved accuracy and its rolling fire angular dispersion has improved 1.7 times.
According to Russian media, the Armata tank might also come with a specially developed 152 mm gun, the most powerful ever cannon to be mounted on a main battle tank.
The tank’s turret will also carry a 30 mm sub-caliber ranging gun to deal with various targets, including low-flying aerial targets, such as attack planes and helicopters.
A 12.5 mm turret-mounted heavy machine gun is reportedly capable of taking out incoming projectiles, such as anti-tank missiles. It’s capable of neutralizing shells approaching at speeds of up to 3,000 meters per second.
The tank’s crew is securely enclosed in a multi-layer armored capsule separated from the ammunition container. The vehicle is fully computerized and only needs two servicemen to operate it. Each can also deploy the tank’s weapon systems.
The tank’s targeting is reportedly done with an active-phased array antenna and a large variety of other sensors.
The Armata platform allegedly has a fully mechanized electric transmission, powered by a 1,200 HP diesel engine. For greater efficiency, maintenance and repair schedules have been extended.
Within its blueprint, the Armata armored vehicle has the potential to evolve into a fully robotic battle vehicle.
According to preliminary estimates, 2,300 units are required for the Russian army.

Originally posted on rostechnologiesblog:


The Russian Defence Ministry and Uralvagonzavod are considering the possibility to demonstrate combat characteristics of the new Armata tracked vehicle platform at the Russia Arms Expo-2015 (RAE-2015) that will be held in September in Nizhny Tagil. This was announced by Uralvagonzavod Deputy Director for Special Equipment Vyacheslav Khalitov.

“The general public would like not only to see this development during the Victory Parade, but also to attend demonstration of its combat characteristics at the exhibition in Nizhny Tagil. We are currently discussing this issue with the Defence Ministry,” Mr. Khalitov stated.

Uralvagonzavod Director General Oleg Sienko earlier said that demonstration of the new platform might become a key event of the RAE-2015 exhibition. The Armata can also be seen during the Victory Parade in Moscow on May 9, 2015.

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Huge Amounts Of Weaponry Abandoned By Ukraine In Debaltsevo

Originally posted on The Barricade:

A key accusation directed towards Russia by America and the EU during the Ukrainian crisis has been that of Russia allegedly supplying the Donetsk and Lugansk Republics with weaponry. Despite not having any substantial evidence, the question at the center of this accusation has been “how else can you explain their influxes of weaponry and supplies?”  The answer in the case of recent events is quite simple and can be explained by the momentous routing of the Ukrainian army by the NAF at Debaltsevo (Debaltseve).


The Ukrainian army at Debaltsevo, despite Poroshenko’s lies, were in fact encircled and heavily defeated by the NAF. With heavy casualties and no way out of the cauldron, up to 2000 soldiers opted to abandon their weapons and flee with their lives. President Poroshenko proclaimed to the world that this retreat was in fact a ‘planned withdrawal’, an odd statement to make considering the sheer…

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Day of the Defender of the Fatherland Concert at the State Kremlin Palace


Throughout the world, the Russian Army Ensemble equate to such well-known Russian brands as the Bolshoi Theater, the Hermitage, the Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow Kremlin Diamond Fund. And he rightly earned its unique and brilliant creative artistry. Academic Song and Dance Ensemble of the Russian Army named A.V.Aleksandrova – always a welcome guest at government celebrations. Traditionally, no celebration of the Day of Defender of the Fatherland is complete without a concert in the State Kremlin Palace in the presence of the President of the Russian Federation and the nations top officials.



Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation took part in the solemn event devoted to the Day of Defender of the Fatherland, which was held at the State Kremlin Palace.



In the beginning of the concert, the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin has congratulated the military personnel, civilian personnel and veterans of the Armed Forces with the upcoming holiday.


Earlier in the day to veterans of the Great Patriotic war were awarded the Jubilee Medal “70 years of Victory in Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.”
In addition, at the State Kremlin Palace opened a series of exhibitions dedicated to the Russian Army. During the month visitors of the concert hall will be able to see the wooden figures of “polite people”, pictures of World War II and the modern stage of development of the Armed Forces of Russia. The exhibition also presents samples of newspapers 30-ies and 40-ies and 50-ies and samples, souvenirs and clothing, prepared by the Design Bureau of Voentorg.

As explained by the head of Department of Culture of the Ministry of Defense of Russia Anton Gubankov, the exhibition is an introduction to the act that guests of the Kremlin Palace saw at a concert performance, which consisted of several actions – the prologue, the dedication of the Great Patriotic War and the life of the modern army of Russia.





Another highlight of the concert was part of the concert group song and dance Ensemble of the People’s Liberation Army of China, sang along with the Academic Song and Dance Ensemble of the Russian Army Alexandrov famous front “Katyusha” in Russian and Chinese languages.

For more information about the Alexandrov Ensemble

Shoigu’s Latin American Tour Aims to Strengthen Regional Stability – Russian Defense Ministry

Although largely unreported in western media the recent tour of Latin American countries: Venezuala, Nicarauga and Cuba by a Russian delegation headed by the Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu demonstrates the determined strength and resolve of President V. Putin and Russia to withstand the feeble attempts from the west to isolate the worlds largest country. Perhaps this serves to explain the MSM news and informational blackout of what can only be characterized as a highly successful strengthening and renewal of friendship. Many do not recall the long history of Russian ergo Soviet relationship with Latin American countries, for them this visit could be seen as new or unexpected. Even as US/NATO seek to expand into countries which Russia has warned against-Ukraine, Georgia citing threats to its strategic core interests, the implications are clear. In 1962 during the heighth of the Cold War, the US installed nuclear tipped missiles in Turkey and Italy. These strategic weapons served to alter the balance of power with Operation Anadyr being the result of the USSR attempt to restore deterrence. Known as the Cuban Missile Crisis or the week that the world stood still. The so called European missile shield and NATO expansion explained as defensive, is most certainly not seen as that in Russia.
Just as the installation of Jupiter missiles in Turkey and Italy upset the balance of power causing a response, so too will reckless expansion of NATO. Historians agree that the world was never so close to thermonuclear war as in October 1962.
I am by no means suggesting what will or will not be the Russian response(s), only that inevitably there will be. The idea that there exists a line between defense and reckless escalation goes unacknowledged in Brussels and Washington. Perhaps it is an indication of the nexxus of rampant greed and corruption that exists between NATO policy makers and their defense contractors. Since most of the brainwashed west sees no problems with NATO in Ukraine they should understand if the response(s) are Russian ICBMS in Cuba or a strategic bomber base in Venezuala or Nicaragua.

Shoigu’s Latin American tour aims to strengthen regional stability – Russian Defense Ministry

MOSCOW. Feb 15 (Interfax-AVN) – Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu’s official visits to Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba were scheduled in advance and reflect the Russian leadership’s consistent policy to strengthen regional stability, said Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov.
“Importantly, the visits were scheduled in advance. They were not extraordinary and were not connected with Europe’s and the United States’ sanctions, either,” Antonov told Interfax-AVN on Sunday, summing up the results of Shoigu’s Latin American tour.
“Many keep saying today, that Russia has just started dealing with problems of Latin America and the Asia-Pacific region. We have always attached great importance to broadening dialogue with Latin America. The Russian defense minister has paid official visits to this region twice over the past two years. Our dealings with Latin America are not of momentary nature, but reflect the Russian leadership’s consistent course to strengthen regional stability and assist the regional states’ effort to build their armed forces,” he said.
“The Russian Defense Ministry welcomes Latin American countries’ steps to promote socioeconomic development. We are also convinced that if further progress is to be made in this area, strong and reliable armed forces must be built. This involves efforts to raise a reliable shield against obstructionist, terrorist and other subversive forces active in the region, not, of course, to militarize the regional countries’ economies,” Antonov also said.
During Shoigu’s official visits much attention was given to an assessment of regional problems that have cropped up lately, he said. “Against the backdrop of new challenges and threats old problems sharpen, including territorial disputes and political contradictions,” Antonov said.

The navies of Russia and Venezuela are planning to hold joint military drills in the southern part of the Caribbean Sea, near US territorial waters, a source says.


The military exercise is scheduled to take place in the second half of the year and will involve a unit of Russia’s Northern Fleet ships and Venezuela’s Air Force planes, Interfax-AVN news agency quoted an unnamed military-diplomatic source as saying on Thursday.
Russia’s missile carrying nuclear cruiser, Pyotr Veliky (Peter the Great), as well as support vessels will take part in the military maneuvers, the source said.
“Russian and Venezuelan naval crews are expected to practice force deployment efforts in the southern part of the Caribbean Sea and hold joint tactical maneuvers in formations and air defense drills,” the source said, adding that details of the exercises will be finalized in March.
The military maneuvers mark the second time that a Russian fleet will be in the area since the end of the Cold War.
In December 2008, the Russian Northern Fleet’s Pyotr Veliky and large anti-submarine ship Admiral Chabanenko took part in a military exercise, dubbed VenRus-2008, with Venezuela’s navy in the Caribbean Sea.
Earlier, Russia announced that its Navy would build up a constant presence throughout the world’s oceans.
On February 10, the Secretary of


Russia’s Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev, said Moscow plans to improve defensive capabilities amid rising threats from the US and its allies.
Patrushev said the US and its allies have opted for the path of confrontation with the Russian Federation, reminding that history shows Moscow will never be intimidated by the West’s threats.

Venezuelan president calls to create shield to protect country from possible US aggression

Nicaragua to Buy Russian MiG-29 Fighter Jets


The Russian-Cuban relations in the military and military-technical sphere are developing in a constructive way, Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoigu said during the meeting with Cuba’s President Raul Castro on Saturday.
“Our relations in the military sphere are developing constructively,” the Russian defence minister said, adding: “We are interested in expanding cooperation in the naval sphere.”
Shoigu thanked the Cuban side for a reception of Russia’s Navy vessels during the call at the port of Havana.
He also invited Cuba’s military delegations to participate in this year’s tank biathlon international competitions, international war games, the 4th international security conference and the international scientific and technical forum Army 2015.
Raul Castrol said Cuba’s military delegations would take part in these events.


Shoigu said the approaches of Russia and Cuba on global and regional security issues “fully coincide.” “Our countries are bound by common interest in forming a just and polycentric world order based on equality, adherence to international law and respect for it with the central role of the United Nations,” he said.
The minister said his visit to Cuba comes as the countries see a robust development of bilateral ties. “Your country is our long-time friend and a symbol of love of freedom and independence in Latin America,” he said.


“Cuba, which has survived in the conditions of a blockade for over half a century, continues firmly and consistently following the track of defending its national sovereignty and implementing its development model,” Shoigu said.
Shoigu also said that today the good and time-tested relations between Russia and Cuba are revitalizing. The visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to Havana in July 2014 gave an impetus to strengthening bilateral ties, he said.
“Our priority it to implement the agreements reached during the highest level meetings,” he said.
The long traditions of friendship between the people of Russia and Cuba are a “firm basis for expanding bilateral cooperation and coordinating efforts on the international arena,” he said.
Shoigu concludes his trip to South America, during which he also visited Venezuela and Nicaragua.

During a visit to Nicaragua, the Russian Defense Minister General of the Army Sergei Shoigu opened topographic center, the equipment for which it was supplied and mounted by Russian specialists.


“We hope that the centre will make a significant contribution to improving the combat capabilities of units and formations of the army of Nicaragua, which will benefit the Nicaraguan people,” said Sergei Shoigu at the opening ceremony of the center.
He toured the centre, equipped with mobile digital topographic system and classroom training.
The commander of the army of Nicaragua army General Julio Aviles thanked the head of the Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, noting that the center meets the most modern requirements.
Equipment equipment for the center, which is located on the territory of the chief command of the army of Nicaragua, was delivered 106 experimental optical-mechanical plant, Moscow).

Europe’s Stolen Voice PACE’s Lack of Common Sense and Cynicism are Largely the Result of US Pressure-Sergey Naryshkin

In the recent state of the union address, obama made claim to having left in tatters the Russian economy. This served as the mantlepiece of his regimes accomplishments and was the focus of western media review of his speech. Previous to obamas boast, his underling biden had spoken of having to apply pressure to reluctant european governments in order to impose sanctions on Russia. The stated goal of US FP is to isolate the worlds largest country and 8th largest economy. There remains few who deny that the US government, agents, NGOs, and controlled financial networks were not responsible for the coup ‘d eat in Ukraine (Feb. 2014). The fact that this constitutes unlawful violation of a host of international laws and treaties appears to be of no concern to those who have condemned Russia for so called aggression. The reunification of Crimea and Sevastopol to Russia has frustrated US designs and set into motion a series of measures designed to make Russia pay the consequences for maintaining the peace on a peninsula which has historicaly been the scene of epic battles and great sacrifice. Apparently the masterminds who plotted the coup were under the assumption that Russia would vacate their Black Sea Fleet HQ and turn the keys over to NATO. The coup in Kiev was illegal and brought to power at the barrel of a gun. The threatening nature of this band of thugs and extremists which served as washingtons tool caused shock and alarm to Crimeas inhabitants as well as Russian speaking people throughout SE Ukraine. Odessa Trade Union Building 2 May 2014 became the defining moment for citizens to take action in order to save their families lives from the murders and mayhem which occured there. The events concerning this cruel act of barbarity went largely unnoticed in the west. Kievs claim of investigation is belied by the widespread celebrations that ensued during as well as after by Ukrainian political figures and general public. Petro poroshenko even used a scene from the burning building in a political advertisement for his election. The murders of at least 48 people were viewed as a victory.
Proclaiming death to Russians and referring to them as sub-human, the first act of the newly installed Rada was to make the Russian language illegal. Even now the fact that over 800,000 Ukrainian citizens have fled their country and sought safety in Russia goes unreported because it undercuts the false narrative of the Russian aggression mantra being systematicly conveyed in every newspaper on every television and in every opinion column throughout western media.

The following is a speech given by Sergey Naryshkin State Duma Speaker and envoy to PACE (Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe)


Англоязычная версия статьи С.Нарышкина в «Российской газете» (4 февраля 2015 года)
6 февраля 2015 года

Speaker of the State Duma Sergey Naryshkin. “Europe’s stolen voice. PACE’s lack of common sense and cynicism are largely the result of US pressure”

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) has just completed its regular session. Of the many issues on the agenda, the voting rights of the Russian delegation was definitely the most salient. It lurked just beneath the surface and came up in all discussions – from the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz–Birkenau concentration camp to the report on the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine – proving once again that not a single major challenge currently facing Europe can be addressed without Russia’s active participation. The Russian delegation worked hard throughout the session, and not only during plenary meetings. On the eve of the start of the session, we attended yet another meeting (the third in the last six months) of PACE’s Presidential Committee.
Most of its members favoured restoring Russia’s voting rights, but they were ultimately unable to get this message across to the Assembly, which remains under the sway of frantic, rabid anti-Russian propaganda disseminated by a group of aggressive Russophobes. This determined the outcome of the vote on the powers of the Russian delegation. Stefan Schennach, Chairperson of the Monitoring Committee, one of PACE’s most influential committees, later openly called the result “stupid” and the pressure against Russia “senseless.” However, the grim business had already been taken care of. I should add that I was the only speaker of a national parliament in attendance. During the plenary meetings, I could not help thinking that I was witnessing something genuinely absurd, incompatible with elementary logic and the natural human desire for peace and prosperity for one’s people and family. This lack of common sense and cynicism are largely the result of pressure from the US, which openly acts as an aggressor seeking to repartition the world. But European politicians and parliamentarians have made it easier in recent years for the US to act in such an arrogant manner.
Ten days before the Russian delegation arrived in Strasbourg, a paragraph was added to the resolution of the European Parliament, which read “closer EU-US cooperation in Ukraine-related policies would be beneficial.” A more candid acknowledgement of this pathological dependency is hard to imagine. The months of criminal silence regarding the humanitarian crisis in the southeast of Ukraine are a vivid example of double standards. The State Duma issued a special declaration back in May 2014, calling on all European parliamentarians to pay attention to the crisis and put an end to it, which apparently fell on deaf ears. In my opinion, the reason is that this would have entailed acknowledging the root cause. Our foreign colleagues eschewed this sensitive issue at the first two meetings of PACE’s Presidential Committee, despite declaring that they are open to dialogue. It was at this January session of the Assembly that speakers started mentioning the horrible figures reported by the UN, and made a big deal of the unprecedented number of refugees. But did all this wailing amount to anything? Of course not. There were no decisions to provide immediate assistance or demands that the Ukrainian authorities hold the real culprits accountable. Human rights-based approaches immediately devolved into empty declarations. Moreover, blatant lies about the developments in Donbas went hand in hand with accusations against Russia, which is not a party to the conflict. Even when PACE learned that 800,000 Ukrainians had fled to Russia in less than a year, they didn’t care enough to acknowledge that these people are seeking refuge in our country from the deadly threat posed by the Ukrainian military. People tend to flee enemies and turn to friends for protection. In another appalling episode, the Russian delegation wasn’t permitted to make a statement during a session on the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, under the pretext that the programme was already set (such worthless references to protocol have become the typical response to any internal issue within PACE). Russia, the direct successor of the state that liberated the camp, was not allowed to speak on the occasion. I didn’t see any signs of shame in the expressions of PACE bureau members. The liberators weren’t even mentioned during the session.
Not a single word! The President of the Assembly couldn’t find space for it in her opening remarks, which were quite lengthy. The other two speakers, a former prisoner of the concentration camp and a representative of a youth organisation, also failed to mention it. It was as if the surviving prisoners were saved from death by some kind of miracle, not the courage and sacrifice of Soviet soldiers. Not a single word of praise was addressed to the country that sacrificed 27 million lives to win the war! In the end, the celebration by PACE of the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz left us with a strange feeling and, to put it bluntly, a bad taste in the mouth. PACE’s reputation as a common European platform for dialogue is rapidly waning. Today members of national delegations are being attacked at its doors (which happened to our colleagues from KPRF); tomorrow the same could happen in the plenary hall. The number of fringe politicians is growing, while the leadership of the Council of Europe is not willing to respond to their actions in an adequate manner. Despite all this, our interactions with the heads of the Assembly’s political groups, within its Presidential Committee and during their increasingly frequent visits to Moscow, have borne some fruit. This could be clearly seen during the roundtable discussion on the crisis of confidence, which we initiated in the Council of Europe.
Most speakers emphasised that dialogue is needed during crises like never before. Such a prominent politician as former PACE President Rene van der Linden forcefully insisted “that all be ensured the right to speak and fully carry out their work without seeking to impress ‘neighbours of our neighbours.’” Dividing lines have resurfaced, but it will be impossible to ensure European security, including in Ukraine, without Russia, he said. To be honest, the sincere words I heard from many foreign colleagues made me wonder why the Assembly is still dominated by a majority that is at once aggressive and obedient. Why does the majority fail to heed the voices of other colleagues or the voice of reason? Maybe Andreas Gross, the leader of one of the political groups, was right when he said that trust in Europe doesn’t need to be restored, but rather built, because there was never any trust to begin with. I think he’s right, but not entirely, as Russia has been sincere and open about its intentions to meet Europe halfway. And I don’t think that we were alone in this aspiration. Unfortunately, the events of recent months have forced us to rethink many things, including whether many of Russia’s partners – who chose to tether European policy to another continent – are reliable. It was a strange choice, to say the least: Europe is far from a novice in geopolitics, and at various times has strongly asserted its right to independence. Perhaps the turning point came several decades ago, when Europe opened its doors to US military bases, which are only formally affiliated with NATO, as the United States accounts for two thirds of NATO’s budget, according to experts.
Today, European leaders are urged to sign onto illegal anti-Russian sanctions. A year ago, European foreign ministers guaranteed with their signatures an agreement between the legitimate, elected president of Ukraine and the opposition, and then refused to implement it. Essentially, they signed off on the bloodshed on Maidan Square, in Odessa and in eastern Ukraine. To our great regret, they were quick to shelve the project to build a Greater Europe, along with efforts toward visa-free travel and other important arrangements. Were the two decades of sincere cooperation between Russia and Europe no more than a game rigged in one team’s favour? Nevertheless, I remain optimistic. Great achievements are always borne of great challenges. Russia has seen so many that we know all too well that it is impossible to alter history with lies and distortion. I’m confident that security on the continent has not become an empty phrase for responsible European politicians.
The parliamentary systems of these countries date back many centuries, and no procedural manoeuvring, disregard for international law or doublespeak can destroy these age-old values. Even during this extremely difficult PACE session, we clearly saw a growing recognition that there is no alternative to working with Russia, which is a European nation by virtue of geography and culture. Reason will prevail in the end.



A forgotten victim of the recent atrocities in France was a man who devoted his life to law enforcement and the pursuit of justice. Whether he ended his life by his own hand as a tragic consequence of depression that can be attributed to unknown circumstances does not take away the years of dedicated service to his country and the contributions which he made to the endeavor of a just society.  The facts and circumstances surrounding his death are worthy of critical examination in hopes of preventing future losses.



Helric Fredou was a veteran officer (OCJ) of the Judicial Police a component of France’s National Police since 1997. His untimely demise was January 8, 2015 recorded as approximately 0100 hours Thursday morning. It remains unclear as to the time his lifeless body was first discovered, what has been revealed through public sources is his next of kin was first notified at around 0500 hours.
Assuming this notification was done in a timely manner consistent with standard investigative protocols when a fellow officer has fallen, this would place the discovery within one hour or 0400 hours.
According to subsequent interviews Commissioner Fredou recieved a telephone call at his domicile wherupon he left soon therafter, arriving at his office around 11:25 on the evening of the massacre. (Wednesday 7, January) At that time there was mobilized over 88,000 law enforcement and soldiers involved in a nation wide man-hunt for two very dangerous armed killers. After meeting with his team and receiving the latest updates on progress he entered his office purportedly to begin a report.
Although unspecified in news accounts we may assume that a law enforcement professional (colleague) first entered the crime scene.  France is a country reknown for criminalistic skills and the National Police are among the worlds finest.  For that reason it is unlikely that anyone would have processed the crime scene with a predetermined assumption. Commissioner Fredou was clearly dead with no reason to apply first-aid and no reason to summon a medical ambulance. Also there would be no reason to investigate with any dileniation from a homicide at that point.
The reconstructed time frame would indicate that forensic photography probably would have started their time consuming duties after arrival and set-up no earlier than 0500 hours. Forensic photography has come along ways since a French investigator by the name of Bertillion first pioneered it. It is a rigid scientific discipline requiring years of study. Keep in mind that at this point the investigation is identical to that of a homicide. A National Police Commissioner found dead while armed killers are on the loose! In addition to hundreds of photographs the bullet which passed through his skull would have to be found and tested to determine whether in fact it was discharged from the Sig-Sauer service weapon found near Helrics body. It is likely to have taken hours to complete the processing of the crime scene. While that was happening investigators were dispatched to the Commissioners domicile to obtain his personal computer, cell-phone and other items to aid in the investigation. Because of the nature of the death from apparent gun-shot wound to the cranium entrance forehead, the deceadants hands would be tied off in air tight bags to preserve possible gunshot residues before placement in a body bag and ready for transport to a facility where the autopsy could be performed. Reconstructed time frame would be around 0800 transport time. Assuming that a full forensic autopsy would be performed and toxicology tests done to determine whether chemical substances played a role or whether Commissioner Fredou had any physical ailments causing severe pain as a possible contributing factor, quite possibly 6 hours, which would bring us to 1600 hours. The determination of suicide is made by analysis from a combination of autopsy findings and investigative evidence.
The first public television news broadcast of Commissioner Fredous announced suicide was at 11:24; a subsequent public notification was made at 12:09 in a regional newspaper. Helrics next of kin were not allowed to view his body until late afternoon. The decision to rubberstamp suicide as cause of death whether than wait for completion of the process is apparent. One regional newspaper alluded to a previous suicide in Nov. 2013 that the Commissioner himself had discovered of a colleague in an apparent attempt to show a corollary or maybe as if suicide is an infection. The same newspaper reported that Helric was depressed and burned out evidenced by the fact that his superiors had requested that he turn in his service hand-gun. Also reported on various sites was that Helric was in charge of the Hebdo investigation. The command and control of French law enforcement is complex with overlapping jurisdictional authorities, the Gendarmerie falls under direct control of the Interior Minister although still retaining its designation as a military force structure. Within that Group there is RAID, and Paris Perfecture also is under direct control of the Interior Ministry so clearly Helric was not in overall command of the nationwide investigation. Perhaps there was a turf war which would explain the friction that was reported concerning the telephone call Fredou answered on that fateful night. Helric was well aquainted with the Interior Minister who is also mayor of Cherbourg where Helric was posted during his career. (2010-2012)
The statement released to the press of Fredous death would have to have been approved from the Office of the Interior Ministry. The investigative officers and pathologist would have been informed publicly that the state viewed the death as a suicide, rendering the investigation as open to criticism concerning a predetermined finding.
In the morning of 8 January 2015 around 0800 hours, yet another French police officer was killed. Clarissa Jean-Philippe age 26 was gunned down in Montrouge, a suburb   just two and a half miles from downtown Paris, while on call to a vehicular accident. Information and details were still incoming at 11:24 the time Fredous death was announced. For its part mainstream news failed to render any accounts of the Commissioners death until days later when it emerged. The press conferences (2) held by the Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve, on 8, January did not make mention of Helrics name or fate.
Perhaps it is the open and shut manner of this investigation which has helped give rise to charges of governmental complicity from Jean-Marie Le Pen who in an interview suggested that the Hebdo murders bore the signature of the secret services. While dismissed by poliical opponents with the typical conspiracy theory label, state interests are clearly being advanced from the crisis. Within days Jews were being asked to resettle in occupied Palestine as a continuation of The One Million Plan, indeed 10,000 French citizens are expected to heed this call in 2015 as France is being portrayed as a hostile and dangerous enviroment for those of the Jewish faith. Those in France who look upon the cartoon charactarization depicted in the Hebdo magazine of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) as neither praisworthy nor commendable are being marginalized and their patriotism questioned. Being anti-Islam is now politically correct in France as well as the western world. The reality of current documented events and the aftermath had they been foretold also could easily have been dismissed as conspiracy theories and ignored; and were.
The government of France policy of arming a fantasy group of insurgents who will topple the Syrian government and bring a land flowing with milk and honey is itself a ridiculous and absurd conspiracy theory, based on wishful thinking and a strong dose of delusion. A reality check might include the current state of affairs in Libya and Iraq.


For years Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and members of his secular government have been warning the western world of the dangers of fueling the takfiri extremists in their quest to reestablish colonial control over the ME. These warnings and appeals to the West to abide by international law were and are ignored. Rather than restrict and impede the flow of French radicalized extremists, the French government supports them. This newly created narrative of free speech being the cause of consequences from years of failed policy is being used and exploited for short sighted political gain and obsfusication purposes. It certainly is not a conspiracy theory at all that French secret services have combined to arm those whom the French government now claim to fight. The strategy by the west of igniting sectarian war in Syria has failed, the people of Syria see themselves first as Syrian whether Moslem Sunni, Shia or Orthodox Christian thereby setting an example to France on how to peacefully coexist.
In conclusion it should be noted that the two Couachi brothers had lived for years in the Limoges area which was within Commissioner Fredous jurisdiction and that they had been placed under watch which also would have been known to Helric.


Although the official story suggests that the authorities lost track of the now dead brothers maybe there was evidence to show that there was still current info in their files which showed otherwise. As far as the report which Fredou was preparing, it disappeared and there was no suicide note.
Even now because of a clamp down on information about Fredous’ death in France most of those protesting for free speech dont realize the censorship imposed on them by those who march under it’s banner.
The Fredou Affair calls into question the duplicitous and schitzophrenic nature of Western nations foreign policies viz a vis the Middle East. Conflicts of interest and turf wars are the result. Domestic law enforcement agencies are increasingly being throttled and impeded by their own nations secret services who maintain a supportive role of radical extremists who are viewed and used as useful idiots. Had the Couachi brothers caused murder and mayhem in Syria, it is likely the western press would have presented them as rebels and their acts as strikes thus sanctioning what they condemn within their own borders.

Forensic Sciences Institute of the French Gendamerie (FSIFG), Rosny Sous Bois, France
Name of institute (national language)
Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale (IRCGN)
Name of institute (English language)
Forensic Sciences Institute of the French Gendamerie (FSIFG)
Colonel François DAOUST (sincejune 1st, 2009)
ENFSI’s permanent representative
Colonel François DAOUST (since june 1st, 2009)
1 boulevard Théophile
93111 Cedex
Rosny Sous Bois
+33 (0)1 58 66 50 20
+33 (0)1 58 66 50 27
Founded in 1987
National scientific agency under the administrative supervision of the General, head of the French Gendarmerie
Accreditation since 2007 based on NF EN ISO/CEI 17025
ENFSI member since 1992 (founding member)
Managerial data (2010)
Total staff: 250 full time equivalents (fte)
Reporting forensic experts: 150
Support budget: 4,5 million €
Investment Budget: 600.000 €
Case load :
119777 cases
129.674 exhibits/items examined
66.97797.502 expert reports
Case load :
119777 cases
129.674 exhibits/items examined
66.97797.502 expert reports
Fields of expertise
IRCGN offers a unique scope of expertise in forensic sciences. It is organized as follows:
One division for administrative and logistic support
Three forensic divisions each divided in four units:
Physics and chemistry:
ballistics, toxicology, micro-analysis, arsons, environnement and explosives
Engineering and digital:
signals, computers, vehicles, documents
Human identification:
fingerprints, biology, entomology, anthropology-thanatology-odontology
Biologic samples preservation service
Mass genetic analysis service
Two operational units
Disaster victims identification unit
National criminal investigation unit

Lab’Unic, the laboratory on wheels IRCGN


With its mobile laboratory, the Criminal Research Institute of the National Gendarmerie (IRCGN) has a projectable analysis tool on the whole territory.



This bus consists of a laboratory (2/3) and a command post (1/3). The “laboratory” allows, thanks to the carried materials (cabinet cyanoacrylate macroscoque comparison, ultraviolet spectrometer, infrared spectrometer, an ion scan, etc.), analyze directly on crime scenes or serious offenses collected clues by soldiers of the gendarmerie.


This mobile unit of analysis is in service since the beginning of this year.
Sources: SIRPA gendarmerie
Credits Photo: Police SIRPA
Contact: SIRPA Gendarmerie

As the conflict in Syria enters the 4th year, it becomes observable that one of the principle reasons that the Syrian Government has remained the sole legitimate governing body are twofold: First massive widespread support from the people as evidenced from elections in June 2014, and secondly the unity of clergy within Syria and their historical role of brotherhood and peaceful cooperation. A fair question to ask oneself is: Why do the recognized religious leaders of Syria and within Syria both Christian and Moslem support the Syrian Government?
The so called “Syrian opposition” groups do have religious leaders support, howbeit from outside Syria, as evidenced from fatwahs issued from the Kingdom of the Sand (the latest one forbidding the construction of effigys using frozen crystalized material). You’re not allowed to make snowmen in KSA.
There remains an intolerance to all things Christian in the KSA.  When the arrogants speak of arming the “moderates”one thing you can be sure of, there will be no Christians included.  The west apparently is striving to try and remake Syria into the image of Saudi, a compliant totalitarian dictatorship. As they moderately go about killing and destroying the heritage of peaceful coexistence.
So if the wests policies are sucessful they get another KSA, and if they topple the Syrian government and fail they get another Libya, either way its a lose lose for Christ and his followers. Clearly the west is siding with anti-Christ.

A message from Philip Saliba before his passing:


Metropolitan Philip fell asleep in the Lord on Wednesday, March 19, 2014. He is preceded in death by his brother Shahid Saliba and his sister Nazira Kfouri, and is survived by his eldest brother Nassif Saliba of Shreen, Lebanon, his younger brother and sister-in-law Dr. Najib Saliba and Elaine Saliba of Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, and numerous nieces, nephews, grandnieces, grandnephews and Godchildren in the United States and Lebanon.


His Eminence Philip (Saliba), Archbishop of New York and Metropolitan of All North America, head of the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, sent a message to the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, which reads, in particular: “We monitor with gratitude your tireless efforts in support of the Christians, and all the God-fearing people of Syria.”
His Eminence Metropolitan Philip expresses his conviction that the forces responsible for stirring up the conflict in the country “have ulterior motives in mind, not the least of which is to expunge the area of Christians who have been living in that land peacefully with Muslims for many years under the secular government…”

The hierarch of the Church of Antioch thanked the Russian Church for carrying out the fund-raising campaign and sending the money collected “to help the needy, homeless and downtrodden people of Syria” who have been suffering from “the uncivil war that continues to rage.”

“Throughout history, Russia has protected the Orthodox of the Middle East in times of need and it seems history is repeating itself once again,” the letter reads. His Eminence Metropolitan Philip expressed his gratitude to His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia for his support in this difficult time and asked him “to remember the victims of this barbarism” in his prayers.

12 January 2015

His Holiness Patriarch Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II received His Excellency Syrian Minister of Endowments Dr. Mohammad Abdelsattar Al-Sayyed, the Grand Mufti of Syria Sheikh Ahmed Badreddine Hassoun and a delegation of Muslim Scholars from Damascus, in the Patriarchal Headquarters in Damascus.


Their Eminences Archbishops Mor Dionysius Jean Kawak, Patriarchal Assistant, and Mor Timotheos Matta Al-Khoury, Patriarchal Secretary, also attended.
The Minister of Endowments, Grand Mufti and the delegation visited His Holiness to offer season’s greetings as well as congratulating him on the opening of the Centennial Commemoration of the Syriac Genocide “Sayfo”. They emphasized that His Holiness’ firm positions are considered as an awakening call to the international community. They added that His Holiness’ appeal to take the necessary measures and actions to avoid serious crimes against humanity are of high importance. They said that the Centennial Commemoration of the Syriac Genocide is not an expression of hatred, but a reminder that history will not erase the mistakes that were committed, rather they become lessons for all.
On the other hand, His Holiness drew the attention of his guests that “all religions have a message of love and peace”. He added that “all crimes that are committed in the name of one religion or another, do not emanate from religion; rather, they result from a wrong understanding of its teaching. What God is pleased with murder, or needs violence and slaughter to prove its truth?” Patriarch Aphrem II stated that man ought to meditate on the mercy of God instead of imagining Him as a cruel merciless one”. He pointed out that the victims of religious extremism is everyone who loves peace and opposes extremist lines of thought. Then the Minister, Grand Mufti and the delegation visited the Sayfo exhibition and headed to visit the Armenian Orthodox Archbishop of Damascus Armash Nalbandian.

Damascus, SANA- Minister of Religious Endowments “Awqaf” Mohammad Abdul-Sattar al-Sayyed stressed that whoever legitimizes the killing, terrorism and massacres has nothing to do with the heavenly messages, morals or human values.

Visiting the Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate and the Armenian Orthodox Archdiocese on the centennial anniversary of the Ottoman genocide of “Seyfo” against the Syriacs and the Armenians and other nations, al-Sayyed indicated that the genocide proves to the whole world that what is taking place in Syria nowadays of killing and destruction at the hands of the neo-Ottomans stresses that they have nothing to do with Islam.


Al-Sayyed stressed that what is taking place in Syria is a clear evidence that terrorism and criminality are very far from all religions and that Islam is innocent of what the US and its Western allies and Israel are trying to charge it with.

For his part, Patriarch Mor Ignatius Aphrem II, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East, Supreme Head of the Universal Syriac Orthodox Church stressed that the strong relation binding the Syrian Christian and Muslim has always protected Syria.
“I congratulate my brothers, my compatriots, on the occasion of the Prophet Birth and the Christmas ….I wish that peace and security will return to Syria which has witnessed the birth of the humanitarian civilization and I wish that its people will continue to live as one Syrian family as they have always been,” Patriarch Aphrem II said.
He added “About half a million of the Syrian Syriacs were killed in those massacres and when we say Syriacs we means all the Syrian Syriacs whether they are in Antioch, Nsaibin, al-Raha, Diyar Bakir, and al-Hasaka as they are Syrians not settlers and they were martyred at the hands of the Ottoman slaughterers.”
Patriarch Aphrem II stressed that what is taking place in Syria now is not different from what happened one hundred years ago.
“We hope that the others will follow the Syrian clergymen, particularly because the massacres were not based on religions but they were because of political reasons which aim to eliminate nations and not religions.” Patriarch Aphrem II said.


He highly appreciated the efforts of the Syrian people, government and army under the leadership of President Bashar al-Assad, saying “We will defend Syria together.”
The Patriarch concluded by affirming that Syria is witnessing the end of the crisis and that its people are delivering a message of amity and peace


together, calling upon the international organizations and bodies to exert more efforts to release the two kidnapped bishops Yohanna Ibrahim and Paul Yazigi.
Grand Mufti of the Republic Ahmed Badr-Eddin Hassoun said “When we remember the massacres or history, we don’t incite grudges, but we want to end the grudges through spreading love.”
Hassoun added “We want the people to pay attention that history will talk about those who spent their life serving the people and those who killed the people and persecuted them and when we remember the massacres against the Syrian people, we know that they were because Syria has conveyed the heavenly messages to the world, and that the Ottomans came to this country and instead of learning from it, they forced its people to leave the Arabic language, the language of Quran, and they slaughtered many of them such as when they killed martyrs of May 6th.”

He affirmed that the international organizations and governments must exert pressure on the Turkish government to release the kidnapped bishops, indicating that those who were able to release 40 Turkish people from the terrorist groups in Mosul can order the terrorist who it supports and finances to release the bishops.
“We all must make this year a year of national reconciliation,” Hassoun said, affirming that Syria will ever remain a model in fraternity and national unity.


For his part, Primate of the Armenian Church of Damascus Bishop Armash Nalbandian said “Our message to the whole world and the Armenians in this year stresses that the birth of the Armenian nation was in the holy Syria which is the country of life and land of resurrection.”
“The world kept silence regarding the massacres which took place in 1915 and remains silent towards what is taking place in Syria nowadays…We call upon the international community to condemn and to halt the massacres which are committed by the neo-Ottomans in Syria today and to account them,” Nalbandian said.


For his part, Chairman of the Levant Scholars Union, Mohammad Tawfiq al-Bouti indicated that Prophet Mohammad has taught us the meaning of the Islamic-Christian fraternity when he received a delegation of the Christians at his mosque.
He stressed that the Syrian people have always embraced the nations who were subjected to genocide and Syria has always been a peaceful sanctuary to them.
R. al-Jazaeri / Ghossoun

‘King of the Sand Gives Historical Facts About Saudi King’
Dec. 15,2013

Wahhabi terrorism traced in ‘King of the Sands’: Director Najdat Anzour


Despite a call by Saudi Prince Talal bin Abdulaziz to ban the ‘King of the Sand’ movie, Syria has started screening the long-awaited film in Damascus.
Directed by famous Syrian director Najdat Aznour, King of the Sands tells the story of rise of the founder of Saudi kingdom, Ibn Saud, from an obscure tribal leader in Kuwait to the undisputed ruler of the Arabian peninsula.


The film depicts Ibn Saud as an unscrupulous, bloodthirsty womanizer who was a pawn of the British.
The movie has drawn fierce criticism from Riyadh which deems it disrespectful toward the Al Saud founder.
Anzour told Al Alam on Sunday that, “we have spoken about historical facts and haven’t distorted the history”.
Saudi Arabia has been angered by the movie, considering it a great disrespect to king Abdulaziz.
Earlier this week Prince Talal bin Abdulaziz called Aznour, “director of Jihad al-Nikah” and said his movie “will be thrown in the rubbish bin of art works”.
He wrote in his Twitter account that he has asked a friend to tell Syrian President Bashar Assad ban the movie in his country which has been suffering from a deadly insurgency that Riyadh happens to be one its strongest supporters.
Saudi prince wrote that he hoped “for all the favors Abdul Aziz Al Saud has done for Syria and the Syrian government and nations can’t ever forget,” Bashar Assad orders banning the movie.
In an interview with Lebanese Al Akhbar daily on November 30th, Assad said the whole war in Syria could end if Saudi Arabia stopped arming and supporting militants who poured to the country following 2013 pro-reform protests.
Saudi Arabia, along with Qatar and Turkey have been strongest supporters of the war in Syria with Riyadh and Doha spending billions of dollars to support militants.
Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan, who is Director General of the Saudi Intelligence Agency has been referred by many as a one of the main figures leading the war against Syria.
Nearly three years of crisis has taken its toll on the lives of around 126,000 people in Syria, according to new statistics compiled by the United Nations. Millions have also been displaced due to the turmoil.

Shaaban: Moscow Meeting will discuss basis of holding dialogue conference, Americans are confused


In an article that appeared in SANA newspaper on 8 Jan. 2014, Dr. Bouthania Shaaban, political advisor to President Bashar al-Assad outlined the nature of the upcoming Moscow Meeting scheduled for 26-28 January.
Who will participate from the opposition side is unclear. Russia for it’s part has invited 28 opposition figures including individuals from the SOC.
Khaled Khoja made an announcement on Monday 5, Jan. from Istanbul, just hours after being installed as head of the western backed umbrella organization (Syrian Opposition Coalition).  Khaled Khoja is the latest in a series of leaders of the SOC. “We cannot sit at the same table as the regime… except in a negotiating framework intended to achieve a peaceful transition of power and the formation of a transitional body with full powers.” he said.


Also a spokesman for the group- Bassam Al-Malik issued a warning on Monday “Any member of the Syrian Opposition Coalition (SOC) who attends peace talks due to be held in Moscow on January 26-28 will be sacked” in a statement to Anadolu Agency.
Although clearly there is a need for a political framework the idea of pre-conditions which last year in Geneva involved the opposistions demands for President al-Assad to resign is once again being employed. This years demands from the “opposition”, mirror views emanating from Washington of a power sharing arrangement which would preclude any Syrian voter participation.
It is doubtful as to whether the opposition has any control over forces on the ground to begin with and is using these unreasonable pre-texts in order to avoid the embarrasment of being exposed for what they are-stooges and props that the West uses as a fig leaf of legitimacy. Jokingly this pathetic cast of charlatons is laughed at as “five star” because of their tastes for living in fancy hotels paid for by their curators.  For those in the west when not taking power through Coup D’ Eat as done in Ukraine, like to pretend to be  champions of  “democracy” or as the Chinese call it “depocracy”. It seems strange that they advocate the installation of a “transitional government” in Syria without such niceties of an election. Bouthaina Shaaban believes that the Americans are confused. That the FP of the obama regime is duplicitous, schitzophrenic, incoherent and leads to chaos and destruction certainly is confusing.

Shaaban : Moscow Meeting will discuss basis of holding dialogue conference, Americans are confused

Damascus, SANA-Presidential Political and Media Advisor Dr. Bouthaina Shaaban stressed that Syria agreed to attend Moscow Meeting to hold talks on the basis of a Syrian-Syrian dialogue, indicating that what will take place is a consultative preliminary meeting during which the state and the opposition will sit to the table to consult together and discuss the basis according to which a dialogue conference will be held.
“what is suggested today is a dialogue between those who represent the Government and the people, and those who represent the opposition, in Moscow. Syria agreed on this Syrian-Syrian dialogue, indicating that there is more hope than what was in Geneva”, Shabaan said in an interview with al-Mayadeen TV on Wednesday.
She added that the problem with Geneva was that those who target Syria were meeting with the opposition party everyday and they were telling them what they must say, reiterating that there is no comparison between the keenness of the Syrian State on Syria and some parties which ally with those who are against the country.

“The Americans want to see what Russia can do during the meeting (in Moscow), and if they see that the issue is suitable and serves their interests, they might join it and if they found that it doesn’t suit them, they can announce a different opinion, therefore, the US hasn’t officially declared till now any opinion in regard to the dialogue in Moscow,” Shaaban said.
She indicated that during her meeting with Jeffrey Feltman and former US President Jimmy Carter in Norway, she felt that the Americans have at least started to understand the mistakes which they have committed in Syria and that they are convinced that the track which they have adopted will not lead to any place.
Shaaban added that Feltman was almost desperate regarding the opposition and he said “we know that President al-Assad will stay, but we are searching for a way how to deal with that,” while Carter was very enthusiastic to change the US stance and he announced in his deliberations before the conference which Shaaban attended that he advises the US administration “not to ask President al-Assad to step down.”

“They are searching for a road and they are not sure on which road they will walk … We have a problem as Arabs which is that we think that the West is always clear, know and ready…NO…They are confused,” Shaaban reiterated.

She clarified that what is taking place in the region should be seen from the perspective of a historical track and therefore,

we can’t say that the war will end soon or will not end, but we can say that what is more difficult has ended, affirming the importance of recognizing the historic value of the Syrian people’s sacrifices, who sacrificed for a very importance issue which is Syria’ existence.

Shaaban said that the political move and atmosphere and the public international feeling indicate that the world has started to appreciate and understand Syria’s stance.
She affirmed that the performance of the Syrian people, army and government has been honorable in facing this war. It’s aim has been targeting the identity of Syria, indicating that Syria is more comforted on the political and military levels and on all tracks.

Shaaban said that those who destroy factories, schools and markets can’t be called opposition as the opposition all around the world is the opposition which is keen on preserving the homeland and there is no armed opposition in the world or an opposition which kill and destroy.

She stressed that we must get out of the notion of opposition, which has been made to us by the West. to reach the concept of opposition in which the West believes regarding itself which is a national opposition that is keen on preserving the homeland and its people and institutions.
Commenting on the numbers of foreign takfiri terrorists in Syria and the concerns of the Western countries that they will return to them , Shaaban said that it is difficult to have specific numbers due to the nature of their existence in areas where they commit crimes, saying “The last number I have known is 20 thousand terrorists and if we include the Arabs there will be 60 thousand Arab and foreign fighters in Syria.”
She indicated that Syria has rejected security cooperation with the West and the US if it wouldn’t be accompanied by a political cooperation, adding that with regard to the airstrikes against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq “ISIS” “They tell us before striking a certain place”.
Shaaban stressed that what is required from Syria internationally and regionally is what has been always required from it, which is not to be a country of resistance and not to have an ideological army or to have an independent decision, adding that the independence of decision and will are the main targets of this war.
She added that we must believe that the Arab-Israeli conflict is the map which directs all of these destruction in the Arab world, indicating that terrorists have been going to the Israeli hospitals since a year ago and that what is taking place in Quneitra and Golan proves that Israel is involved in terrorism which is targeting Syria.
She called upon the Arabs to unify their ranks in the face of terrorism which targets all of them, saying that the Zionist enemy boasts of occupying Palestine or its international relations such as during its aggression against Gaza in 2014 when it was proud of its relations with the Arabs.
Shaaban added that there has been no noticeable change in the stances of Saudi Arabia, Qatar or Turkey which sees the region from an Ottoman viewpoint, not only Syria, considering that what is taking place is a Turkish aggression against Syria as Turkey finances terrorists and supplies them with weapons and facilitates their entrance to Syria.
She indicated that the profits of Turkey which came as a result of the war against Syria have exceeded USD 30 billion through what has been stolen from the Syrian factories, heritage and money.
Regarding the Egyptian stance, Shaaban said “We have always been talking positively about Egypt which is a brotherly country and the Egyptian Army is the brother of the Syrian Army…There is a history of amity between the two countries, and Egypt is passing through difficult circumstances now and our circumstances are also difficult, yet the mutual respect, amity and desire might allow our relations to witness a positive development in the future.”
Shaaban also reviewed many secrets and documents about what has been mentioned in her book “Ten Years with Hafez al-Assad”, particularly about the Syrian-Israeli negotiations and the US-Syrian relations.
R. al-JAZAERI/ Barry

A Chapter from History of the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church, (a seminary textbook) translated from Russian by Isaac Lambertson for SJKP (available through SJKP, print-on-demand)

§ 18

The leaders of the Jews, who, out of malice and hatred for the Lord Savior, had decided to crucify Him, were unable to leave His disciples in peace.  Their persecution of the apostles began as soon as the preaching of the latter began to spread.  But in the beginning, this persecution was halted by one of the most respected teachers of the Law, Gamaliel, and because of conflict between the Sadducee and Pharisee parties.  Subsequently, the conversion to the Faith of one of the most powerful persecutors, Saul, straitened position of the Sanhedrin with regard to the Roman government, which was still indifferent to Christianity, resulted in the weakening and even cessation of open persecution of the Christians on the part of the Jews.

The grandson of the iniquitous Herod who had slain the infants of Bethlehem, Herod Agrippa, reestablished, through intrigues within the Roman government, the authority of the king in Palestine for a while; and, desiring to win favor with the Jews, he again initiated a cruel persecution against the Church, slew the Apostle James, son of Zebedee, and imprisoned the Apostle Peter.  But the horrible death of this impious man (he was gnawed by worms from within) brought an end both to his life and to the persecution he had raised.  After the death of Herod Agrippa, Judea was, as before, made subject to a Roman procurator, and the Jews, despite all their hatred for the Christians, were not able to do them any substantial harm.  We can see an example of the Jews impotent malice in the history of the trial of the Apostle Paul.  The High Priest Ananias had been able to bring about the death of the Apostle James, the brother of the Lord, only during a space of time when Rome had not yet reasserted its governmental authority.  Finally, the measure of God’s patience was filled, and the iniquitous Jewish people brought down punishment upon themselves.  In the year 67 an unfortunate war began between the Jews and the Romans, and the Jews, as a separate people, were defeated.

The fall of the Jews was the righteous punishment for their crime of killing Christ and for the murder of the prophets and the apostles (see Matt. 23:23), and it is of important significance in the history of the Church in other respects as well: 1) in it was fulfilled the prophecies of Moses, Daniel, and other prophets, and the saying of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who foretold that Jerusalem would be surrounded by enemies and that not a stone would remain upon another at the site of the temple; 2) in the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple the Old Testament in fact came to an end; now the Jews have no temple, offer no sacrifices, and their faith does not lead to salvation; and 3) the fall of the Jews bears a special relation to the ultimate fate of the entire world.  The Lord Jesus Christ, in His prediction, linked the destruction of Jerusalem with the destruction of the world which is to follow at the end of time, so that the former is, as it were, a prefigurement of the latter (see Matt. 24).

Especially unusual phenomena prefigured the destructive catastrophe for the Jews.  Once, at about 1:00 at night, a light as bright as daylight was seen in the temple; on the feast of the Passover, the bronze eastern gates in the temple, which it was difficult for even twenty men to open, opened by themselves; on the feast of Pentecost an unusual noise was audible in the temple, like that made by the feet of a multitude of departing people, and a voice rang out: “We are leaving this place!”  For an entire year, a comet was visible above Jerusalem, in the form of a sword; and furthermore, crowds of warriors were visible in the clouds in war chariots.  For four years prior to the war, a certain Jew, by the name of Jesus, allegedly inspired from on high, began to cry out, walking among the people: “Woe to thee, O Jerusalem! Woe to thee, O Temple!” and other things.  Yet the Jews were unable to be brought to their senses by anyone, and they hastened to their own destruction, entering upon a conflict unequal to their strength with the mighty Roman Empire.

The reasons for the Jewish War were: the extreme hatred of the Jews for the Romans and the cruelty of the Roman procurators toward the Jews.  Considering themselves the chosen people, the seed of Abraham, the Jews were totally unable to reconcile themselves with the idea of being subject to pagans.  A separate party of zealots formed among them, who considered war with the Romans to be the purpose of their life.  On their part, the Roman procurators treated the Jews with cruelty, burdened them with heavy taxes, and offended their religious sensibilities without any need.  Especially hated by the Jews were Pilate and the last two procurators: Albinus and Gessius Florus.  To all of this was added intense yearning for the Messiah.  The Jews were convinced that the Messiah would appear very soon in the temple to help His chosen people.  In the words of Josephus Flavius, the historian of the Jewish War, some fatal power lured the people to their destruction, and he sees in this the predetermination of God.

In planning an uprising against the Romans, the Jews surrounded the fortress where the Roman garrison was located, and when, perishing from starvation, the Roman soldiers surrendered to the Jews, then, despite the promise of safety, they were all treacherously put to the sword.  For this dishonorable deed, a multitude of Jews were slain in Caesaria and Alexandria.  In retaliation, the Jews launched themselves at the cities along the Syrian border and robbed their inhabitants.  Then the Roman proconsul, Cetius and Gallus, who lived in Antioch, moved against Palestine to put down the rebellion, and had already reached Jerusalem, but, loosing a minor battle and fearing a multitude of enemies, he, quite unexpectedly for the Jews, withdrew from the city.  The Jews were extremely proud of their success and reveled in their favorite dreams of world dominion; but the Christians, mindful of the commandment of the Lord, on seeing the abomination of desolation in the temple (Matt. 24: 15-20), made use of their freedom to leave and departed for the most part to the trans-Jordanian city of Pellas.

The Emperor Nero, on hearing of the Jews opposition to Cestius, sent to Palestine his best military commander, Vespasian, with an immense army.  Vespasian quickly conquered Galilee and pushed on to Jerusalem.  At that time, Nero died, and subsequently three emperors succeeded one another within the space of a year’s time, and the Syrian army declared their general to be emperor.  Vespasian then made haste to Rome and entrusted the further conduct of the siege to his son, Titus.  This general, knowing that because of the feast of Passover, many Jews would be gathering in Jerusalem (perhaps as many as 2 million), and desiring to cut off the supplies of edible stores to the city, surrounded the entire city with a rampart, so that it would not be possible to leave or to enter.  Horrible tribulations began in Jerusalem: foodstuffs were quickly consumed, and such horrible starvation set in that a certain mother, tormented by hunger, butchered and ate her own newborn infant.  Sickness spread, and people began to die in such numbers that they were impossible to bury, nor was there anywhere to bury them.  More than 150,000 corpses were thrown out of one of the city’s gates.  Many of the Jews fled from the city right into the hands of the enemy, and they were crucified on crosses.  More than 500 crosses were set up around the city, hung with crucified Jews, and their mindless oath, “Let His blood be upon us and our children”, was visibly fulfilled.  Before long there were not enough trees to provide wood for more crosses.  Then Titus commanded that the refugees be received and given food to eat; but, wasted away by starvation, the Jews threw themselves upon the bread with such greediness that they died of overeating.  After a long siege and unsuccessful negotiations for surrender, Titus began an all-out assault, ordering his soldiers to take the temple, which was considered a marvel of art.  After terrific exertions, they took the city, but were unable to take the temple.  On August 10, A.D. 70, the building caught fire because of an accidentally dropped burning log.  Jerusalem was destroyed.  All that remained of the former glory of the city were a portion of the western wall and three towers.  Titus was astonished on seeing what a stronghold he had succeeded in taking and destroying; and he refused to accept the usual popular congratulations on the occasion of the victory, considering himself the instrument of the wrath of the gods.


Terrible was the lot of the Jews who survived the fall of their native city.  About 12,000 died of starvation shortly after the capture of the city, before Titus was able to do anything for the living.  The leaders of the rebels were executed.  700 of the most handsome youths were selected to adorn the victor’s triumphal procession on his return to Rome.  A multitude of Jews were sent as slaves to work in the mines and were sold in the markets of Asia, Africa and Europe.

Here are a few of the predictions of the Prophet Moses, in which, 1,500 years before, he depicted the tribulations of the Jews with striking accuracy.  “Because thou didst not serve the Lord thy God…, thou shalt serve thine enemies,… in hunger, and in thirst, and in want of all things” (Deut. 28: 27,2 ).  “The Lord shall bring upon thee a nation from the extremity of the earth, like the swift flying of an eagle, a nation whose voice thou shalt not understand; a nation bold in countenance, which shall not respect the person of the aged and shall not pity the young” (Deut. 28: 49-50).  “And they shall utterly crush thee in thy cities, until the high and strong walls be destroyed, in which thou trustest” (v. 52).  “And she that is tender and delicate among you, whose foot hath not assayed to go upon the earth for delicacy and tenderness, shall look with an evil eye on her husband in her bosom, and her son and her daughter,… for she shall eat them because of the want of all things, secretly in thy straitness, and in thine affliction, with which thine enemies will afflict thee in thy cities…. And the Lord Thy God shall scatter thee among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other.  Moreover, among those nations He will not give thee quiet, neither by any means shall the sole of thy feet have rest; and the Lord shall give thee there another and a misgiving heart, and failing eyes, and a wasting soul.  And thy life shall be in suspense before thine eyes; and thou shalt be afraid by day and by night; and thou shalt have no assurance of thy life.  In the morning thou shalt say, Would it were evening! and in the evening thou shalt say, Would it were morning! for the fear of thine heart with which thou shalt fear, and for the sights of thine eyes which thou shalt see” (Deut. 28:56, 57, 64-67).

The Attempt of Bar-Kochba.

When 65 years had passed, the Jews again rebelled against the Romans, under the leadership of the fanatic Bar-Kochba (“Son of the Star”), and were again brought low by the Romans.  At that time the Emperor Hadrian commanded that Jerusalem be utterly demolished and that its streets be ploughed up, as a sign of the city’s complete annihilation.  On the ruins of Jerusalem a new Roman colony was founded, Aelia Capitolina; and the Jews were forbidden, under pain of death, to go anywhere near it.  Only on one day (the 10th of August, the day of the burning of the first temple by Nebuchadnezzar and of the second temple by the Romans) was it permitted them, on payment of a set fee, to look from afar upon their former capital, at the gates of which an image of an animal abominable to them had been set up.

The falling-away of the Jews with respect to the Faith and the Christian Church resulted in the Christians being freed, if only in part, from their most wicked and inveterate enemies when their place of assembly was destroyed; and it aided, again only in part, the cleansing of the holy Faith in the thought and consciousness of its first followers, from the admixture of Judaism, which held itself aloof in so-called rabbinism.  The Jewish rabbis were not brought to their senses by the terrible retribution which fell upon the Jews.  They pointed to the Jews’ insufficient care in carrying out the rites of the Mosaic Law as the reason for the wrath of heaven.  In Tiberias, where, after the destruction of Jerusalem, the more prominent rabbis repaired, a school was founded, in which this predilection for the dead letter of the Law, for ritual, without understanding its meaning, reached an extreme degree of development and found its expression in the Talmud.  This tendency of Jewish rabbinism moved the Jews farther away from the spirit of the Faith of Christ.