At Gunpoint Celestial “Killers”: Why America Was Frightened of Russian “Bears” and “Swans”
December 8, 2014, 8:37
Strategic bombers Tu-160 and Tu-95MS will be flown along the borders of Russia over the Arctic, Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans, providing military parity with the United States. This was recently announced by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, which aroused a storm of indignation in Washington and Brussels confident that the situation is “not justified” numerous flights of Russian strategic bombers regularly patrol remote areas of the planet.
“Implementation of the crews flying over the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic Ocean is considered natural for training pilots of strategic aviation work” – said the TV channel Star former commander of long-range aviation and a former Air Force Commander Peter Deinekin. – “In its duration and distance they are fully in line with those of the strategic bombers United States.” Therefore, the general did not see any problems that our missile went back to the traditional routes of the combat patrol.
“We have always shown their abilities to those who provoke us to all sorts of conflicts, – says Deinekin. – The crew of long-range aircraft, which I commanded, from the beginning of the “cold war” is constantly operating at reconnaissance aircraft carrier battle compounds USA. We drifted to the Faroe Islands in the west to the Philippines in the Pacific Ocean. In recent years, such operations for economic reasons was not done, and the Americans have forgotten that we can still do.”
The General said, “flying around the corner,” as they call these pilots flying long-range aircraft, our Air Force began in the 80s of the last century in response to the deployment of US cruise missiles, long-range in northern Italy, southern Germany, and England. Takeoff from “Engels” near Saratov, our Tu-95MS (NATO members call him “Bear”) and Tu-160 (NATO classification in “Black Jack”, and we call this plane “White Swan”) can easily reach the coast of the US, Great Britain, suddenly find themselves in the Indian Ocean off the coast or Australia.
Under them were specially made by the so-called airfields “jump” intermediate base, where the crew can relax, technical services refuel, conduct maintenance of machinery. Today some of these airfields: near Vorkuta, Vladivostok, Belarus Baranovichi on Kant air base in Kyrgyzstan. Was tested the possibility of basing the Tu-160 in Venezuela. These sites allow aircraft to fly from our borders to 12 thousand kilometers, and even further.
“To fly to the United States ten, but even with two aerial refueling machine may just half an hour to be in close proximity to the coast of America, – says Peter Deinekin. – The appearance of our home bases in Latin America allows our aircraft to be in close proximity to the United States indefinitely. And Americans, of course, do not like.”
On the edge of Europe
Subject border patrols military aircraft lifted last month on a regular basis, mainly in response to complaints from Western governments on Russian warplanes.
November 3 Commander of NATO forces in Europe, US Gen. Philip Breedlove said the growth activity of the Russian Air Force, stressing that the Russian aviation supposedly uses a more sophisticated combat system and an increasing number of planes and flies a little further than usual.
The representative of the US Department of State- Jen Psaki said that Russia has no need to increase the scale of training flights. She noted that the US authorities understand the need for training work in the armed forces. Nevertheless, she said, “we do not see that the security situation justify such activities.”
And together in NATO, according to sources, the newspaper Die Welt, said that “the Russian check our airspace throughout the year”. A NATO spokesman said on the “Voice of America” that “the intensity of these provocative flights higher than the height of the cold war. So last Sunday a few strategic bombers Tu-95 and Tu-22 were identified by the national armed forces of Latvia over the neutral waters of the Baltic sea, close to the outer border of the Latvian territorial waters, – with alarm reported by the press center of the Latvian army.
Under the wing of the plane
Bombers Tu-95MS and Tu-160 is the main reserve of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief in case of nuclear war. In the structure of launch on warning, counter-nuclear strike they were assigned the role of “killer cells” that make the “control head” after the impact of the strategic missile forces and strategic nuclear submarines. Air missile “off” survivor military infrastructure of the enemy. However, they could be used also as the main percussive tool. The coordinates of the ground-based missile launchers known to the adversary. It is easy to track a strategic submarine in the ocean. But to understand where strategic bombers, almost impossible.
Onboard each machine – deadly arsenal: guided aerial bombs and cruise missiles and long-range. For example, the newest cruise missile Kh-555. According to some, their range is about 3.5 thousand kilometers. In flight, the machine not only changes the height, but may fly above the earth’s surface, around the terrain. Against her powerless not only modern anti-aircraft missile systems, but also created the American NMD. At the target the missile displays the homing head that retrieves data from it’s own opto-electronic, and multi-channel satellite navigation system GLONASS. The accuracy of hitting the target, plus or minus a few inches. Vladimir Putin was present at one of the final stages of testing X-555. The four released with bomber missile accurately hit the “window” of an abandoned home on the range “Pemba” under the Vorkuta, where the script was hiding terrorists.
Recently it was announced that from 2016 all Russian Tu-160 is equipped with upgraded turbojet engines of the type NK-32. Production of these engines was discontinued in 1993. The resumption of their production means that the Tu-160 will be the main striking force of strategic aviation in Russia for a long time.
According to the plans, each of the 66 heavy bombers Tu-160 and Tu-95 will get new management systems, navigation and sighting systems. This will allow machines to apply not only to new strategic cruise missiles, long-range Kh-555, but any other precision-guided bombs and missiles. And this, in turn, will give the opportunity to bring the bombers to solve not only the problems of nuclear deterrence, but also the application of missile attacks by conventional means.
Constant combat duty long-range aviation aircraft Russia has decided to resume in 2007. From this moment, says General Deinekin, our aircraft has completed over several hundred sorties in remote regions of the world in terms of tactical anti-aircraft neighboring countries”. For comparison, in the period of greatest activity of our strategic aviation in the Soviet period 1985-1987 years of such flights was 170.
The patrol pilots learn not only how to navigate in unfamiliar airspace, refuel in the air, but also conduct electronic reconnaissance and practice the use of weapons (planes fly without missiles, but the goals are fixed radars, their coordinates are entered into the onboard computer). Plaque pilots increased from 40 to 140 hours per year. It is almost comparable with a touch of Americans – 180 hours.
Russia also may not like the fact that the American strategic bombers B-52 are in constant readiness for combat use,” explains General Deinekin. According to him, recently, the Americans threw six B-52 at Andersen air force base on GUAM. This is one of the four positions of the strategic bombers of the U.S. air force. The location of the database provides direct support to the crews of bombers to deploy forces in Europe, Southwest Asia and Pacific region. Andersen is one of the two most important U.S. military bases in the Asia-Pacific region. Another island of Diego Garcia in the Indian ocean.
“From a military point of view, the Americans are well aware, in any point of our bombers go on combat patrols, ” says General Deinekin. – Didn’t have time to turn their planes take positions on either side of us. Lead, pass each other on the chain. So something extraordinary in the words of Shoigu no,” said the General. Another thing is that due to aggravation of Russian-American relations is presented as something beyond. Especially because in recent years the Americans believed that Russia has lost the ability to perform such a long and difficult journeys, and because of “old age” aircraft is not able to reach the shores of America. Time has shown that this view was erroneous. “White Swans” and “Bears” again forced to remember that Russia has its own interests in the field of security in the world.
What was the beginning of the strategic aviation
The appearance of distant strategic aviation in its current form, Russia is obliged US. Atomic bombing of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, in early 1946, the U.S. army strategic air command (SAC) demanded that the USSR develop adequate measures. April 3, 1946 resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers was established long-range aviation of the Armed Forces composed of three air armies, control of which was based in Smolensk, Vinnitsa and Khabarovsk. In 1947, in the far aviation has come a strategic bomber Tu-4, Arsenal which has nuclear weapons.
However, the main combat power and the takeoff of strategic aviation occurred in the 70-80-ies of the twentieth century. Then armed with entered combat aircraft, Tu-22M, Tu-95MS, Tu-160. It is today the burden of nuclear deterrence of potential adversary. Armed cruise missiles, long-range strategic bombers capable of inflicting powerful blows on any point of the globe both nuclear and conventional munitions. For example, the Tu-22M very effectively in the Afghan war.
Long-range aviation of Russia
Tu-95 was adopted in 1957, 64 pieces. Now the Tu-95MS is the basis of the strategic air forces of Russia. Wingspan – 50.04 m (64 ft 5 in)
Length – 46.17 m (151 ft 6 in)
Maximum speed – 920 km/h (510 knots, 575 mph)
Range – 15,000 km
Crew of 8 people.
The aircraft up to 12,000 kg payload. The Tu-95MS she was introduced to free-fall bombs caliber from 1500 to 9000 kg, both high explosive and nuclear, suspended in the fuselage compartment. Tu-V took under the fuselage (dimensions not allowed to be placed in the compartment) tactical nuclear bombs with a capacity of 20 and 50 megatons, weighing up to 22 tons. Also provided for the suspension of the bomb with a capacity of 100 MT. The missile can also take on ventral suspension 2 containers for small calibre bombs. Can carry cruise missiles, long-range Kh-55 (nuclear) and Kh-555. Defensive armament Tu-95MS consists of 2 twin 23-mm twin cannon GSH-23L gun placed in the aft defensive installation. Ammo – 2500 shots.
Now the modernization of Tu-95MS to version Tu-MM. The replacement will be subject to electronic equipment. The bombers will have a new sighting and navigation system, which will allow you to use the new strategic cruise missiles X-101. Will also appear navigation system GLONASS. It is planned to upgrade a few dozen bombers, and the other to cheat. Modernization is designed to extend the life of the aircraft until 2025.
TY-160 adopted in 1987, released 15 pieces. Wingspan – 55.7/35.6 m Length – 54.1 m Height of 13.1 m wing Area of 232 sq m Maximum speed at an altitude of 2000 km/h Range with maximum bomb load: 10 a 500 km flight Duration 15 hours a Crew of 4 people. This is the most powerful aircraft in the world. On Board can accommodate 12 cruise missiles with nuclear warheads or bomb weapon weighing up to 40 tons. By the beginning of 1994 was released about 30 aircraft (at the beginning of 1993 19 aircraft were based in Ukraine). The bomber is equipped with a bed, toilet, and electronic device for heating food. Structurally, the Tu-160 is close to American strategic bomber B-1, but unlike it all the combat burden is on the inner gimbal. On the basis of Tu-160 Tupolev Design Bureau is currently developing advanced Russian bombers of the fifth generation.
US Strategic Air
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress was created in the 50 years of the twentieth century as a high-altitude bomber to attack using free fall nuclear bombs. Produced 85 pieces, 56 of them in the ranks. Wingspan – 56.39 m. The length of the aircraft – 49.05 m. Maximum speed – 1013 km / h. Crew – 6 people. Bomb load depends on the modification of the aircraft: B-52B – 19504 kg; In-52G – 23 000 kg; B-52H – 28,600 kg. Nuclear: 8 x B-28 (1.45 Mt) or 12 V-41 (1 Mt) or 12 V-53 (9 Mt) or B-61 Mod.1 (fusion). Guided missiles: 12 AGM-84 Harpoon; 12 KR AGM-86B (200 kt); SD 20 “air-to-air” AGM-69 SRAM. The US is now modernizing veteran bomber.
B-1 Lancer appeared in 1965, 88 pieces, the ranks are all instances. Wingspan – 41.67/23,84 m Length – 44.81 m (b-1A – 46 m). Maximum speed – 1324 km/H. the Practical range of 12,000 km Armament: three internal compartments can accommodate up to 84 bombs MK.82 caliber 227 kg (500 pounds) or 24 bombs MK.84 caliber 907 kg (2000 pounds); or up to 8 cruise missiles AGM-86B launched into the air, 24 the short-range missiles AGM-69, 12 atomic unguided bombs-28 or-43 or 24 bombs b-61 or b-83; such weapons can also be 8 external racks under the fuselage.
The number of strategic bombers in Russia:
As of 2012 in the long-range aircraft the Air Force had 32 Tu-95MS (about 60 in storage). These aircraft placed 512 cruise missiles, long-range. There are 16 Tu-160 with 168 cruise missiles X-555. The total number of nuclear warheads – 680.
The number of strategic bombers in the United States:
B-52H – 85 pieces (56 of them in the ranks), 1-1.4 thousand. Nuclear bombs. B-2 – 21 pieces (16 of them in the ranks) – 550 BU. The total number of nuclear warheads – 1950.