THE UKRAINIAN NUCLEAR ISSUE-FLYING UNDER THE RADAR

While the IAEA focus centers on Iran and the 5+1 talks, flying “under the radar” is the Ukrainian nuclear issue . 

NPP -Zaporizhzhya built in 1987 with a thirty year expected life span for its core reactors has recently experienced an event. On 28 Nov 2014 reactor 3 was taken off line purportedly  as a result of an electrical transformer malfunction.

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The incident occurred at 19:24 on 28 November and was caused by damage of the house load voltage transformer coil that led to disconnection of the house load transformer and unit transformer breakers,” it said.

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“The specified event does not refer either to nuclear or [any] other type of accident and is classified as ‘failure in NPP unit operation’, according to regulatory documents. Work to restore power supply of the unit is well underway according to the emergency work order.”
The incident had no radiological consequences and a preliminary assessment indicated that it was “below scale,” or Level 0 on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES), Energoatom said.

With the loss/reduction of coal as a fuel for power generation, seen as a result of the ongoing civil war, Ukraine’s NPPs have reportedly been forced to increase output.
Severe power shortages in Ukraine have resulted in rolling blackouts which are common in west Ukraine. Afterwards,  Kiev immediately blocked the forum Ukrainian nuclear scientists on the Internet. Authorities refused to comment publicly, in cities and towns nearby Zaporizhzhya doctors hand out “just in case” iodine-containing drugs. After that, Ukrainian news agency reported “emergency outages in Odessa.

Politically Ukraine is unstable with radical extremists wielding positions of influence and control.  Already there have been bills submitted to the Rada which would withdraw Ukraine from its non-nuclear power status . One member of Ukraine’s Parliament (Rada) is listed by INTERPOL as a wanted

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man, his background suggests that he has ties with known terrorist groups.
In a move largely unnoticed in the West, Yulia Tymoshenko’s “Fatherland” and Vitaliy Klitschko’s “Strike” political parties jointly introduced a draft law (0076) in the Ukrainian Parliament to denounce the country’s 1994 accession to the 1968 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), with the goal of withdrawing from the treaty. That same day, member of parliament Oleh Lyashko of the “Radical Democratic” party demanded Ukraine regain its status as a nuclear-weapons state.
Lyashko introduced a draft law (4518) regarding Ukraine’s entry into NATO and the EU control over the implementation of international powers assumed obligations under the Agreement.
Repeated attempts by Rada members to withdraw from International Non Proliferation. Agreements have been reported. The deputies of the faction “Rodina” and “Shock” brought to Parliament a draft law on denunciation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons of 1 July 1968.

The bill made MPs Sergey Kaplin (IMPACT), Valentine Koroliuk and Alexander Chornovolenko (both – “Homeland”). The text of the bill or other relevant documents as of 8 Dec had not yet been posted on the website of the Parliament.
Security at the NPPs appears to be under the Interior Ministry which in turn has assigned the National Guard composed of members of various

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punitive battalions known for extremist ideaology and loyalty to those seeking to build a Ukrainian nuclear bomb. In the above picture it is noteworthy that the setting for this group portrait was within a Ukraine Ministry of Interior building, as the insignia on the wall suggests.
Were the rogue forces in Kiev able to build a nuclear device, polls show that 87% of Ukrainians would favor it being used against the separtists in E. Ukraine.
In addition these extremist factions have called for strikes within Russia.

Fuel rods: Soviet designed reactors require TVEL (Russian) manufactured rods. This has been evidenced on more than one occasion in Czechoslavika  and in Ukraine under Yankouvich.

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Links to terrorists: Three current members of Ukraine’s Rada are under criminal investigation by the Russian Investigative Committee for their support of Caucasus violent extremists who on 4 Dec 2014 launched a deadly attack in Grozny aimed at taking over a school to create a second “Beslan”. These individuals claiming responsibility for the 4 Dec attack which claimed the lives of 14 law

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enforcement,  reportedly have pledged loyalty to Bagdadi (IS) the so called leader of an imagined caliphate in Iraq and Syria.  Bagdadi has boasted of acquiring nuclear material from a research center in besieged  Mosul, Iraq with stated intentions of building a “dirty bomb”.

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Umarov who was the leader of extremists in Chechnya up until his death was called upon by Yarosh to open a “second front” against Russia. This ideaological support for terrorists is coming from those in Ukraine who hold the “keys” to NPPs.
The Ukrainian nuclear “program” is in need of international scrutiny for safety issues as well as proliferation concerns.  While pointing a finger at Iran the “international community” appears to be ignoring troubling and imminent needs in Ukraine. 

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ISIL Defeated in Deir Ezzor

Friends of Syria

General. Issam Zahreddine General.
Issam Zahreddine

ISIS has been defeated by the Syrian army in Deir Ezzor. The people are cheering, as ISIS bodies are cleaned off the streets.

Gen. Issam Zahreddine is responsible for this victory, he looks like an action hero. ISIS retreated within days of their attempt to attack the town suffering heavy loses. It’s obvious the US has no interest in defeating ISIS, how is it that Syria can do in days and hey have been at it for months in Kobane? Ofcourse they are getting reinforced through the turkish Border. But ISIS ‘air of invincibility’ is clearly broken are they still going to believe that god is on their side?

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MFA report “The Most Resonant Human Rights Violations in Certain Countries 2013”

mfa.gov.by/en/publications/reports/f7d3be5c9c4889e2.html
MFA report
“The Most Resonant Human Rights Violations in Certain Countries 2013”

This is the second report on the most resonant human rights violations in certain countries issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It was written on the basis of various sources, like the results of Human Rights Council’s UPRs, observations of the HRC’s special thematic procedures and the UN treaty bodies, information of international, regional, and national governmental and non-governmental organizations, as well as data collected from open sources by the diplomatic missions of Belarus.

Since the end of the Cold War the issue of human rights has unquestionably come into increased global prominence. What is more, the international community has in recent years elevated human rights to the level of importance at the United Nations that only the issues of peace, security and development heretofore enjoyed.

At the same time no other issue on the international agenda appears currently to be as polarizing as human rights. Indeed, international relations have been increasingly viewed and conducted today through the prism of human rights.

This happens because some countries, relying on their own political and economic clout, have come to assume the mantle of human rights «high moral» advocates. What follows from this stance is that they make political and economic relationships with other states contingent on the issue of human rights. For all intents and purposes, the whole world has to cater to those «high moral» proponents lest the former lose the latter’s goodwill. Yet, it is clear to everyone, and the report has been tasked to demonstrate this, that by declaring their approaches universal, the «high moralists», however, act in a selective manner and forget about their own principled stance wherever and whenever they find it necessary. What is worse, in an attempt to arrogate the right to spell out the only true recipe of successful development, they ignore the objective reality of historical experience, as well as mental and economic peculiar features inherent to other countries.

Appreciating those specific features of historic experience of each other is the first, and perhaps, the only way to treat the issue of human rights in a non-confrontational and unbiased manner. I did my best to articulate such a vision in an article titled Human Rights: What and Who Made Them Divide the World?, which was published by Russia in Global Affairs in June 2013. There is a genuinely hope that all of us will ultimately come to embrace the above approach, because in a world of ever-rising global threats and challenges countries have no such luxury as to divert attention from them by engaging in policies aimed at «remaking» each other in someone’s own image.

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Vladimir Makei
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Republic of Belarus

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/e55e58c4-be96-456d-a24e-a46bfdf98928

The Threat of War and the Russian Response-Sergey Glazyev

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Sergei Glazyev is an Advisor to the President of the Russian Federation, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

How to Lead a Coalition and Avoid a Global

Conflict
Posted

The world needs a coalition of sound forces advocating stability – a global anti-war coalition with a positive plan for rearranging the international financial and economic architecture on the principles of mutual benefit, fairness, and respect for national sovereignty.
U.S. actions in Ukraine should be classified not only as hostile with regard to Russia, but also as targeting global destabilization. The U.S. is essentially provoking an international conflict to salvage its geopolitical, financial, and economic authority. The response must be systemic and comprehensive, aimed at exposing and ending U.S. political domination, and, most importantly, at undermining U.S. military-political power based on the printing of dollars as a global currency.  
The world needs a coalition of sound forces advocating stability —in essence, a global anti-war coalition with a positive plan for rearranging the international financial and economic architecture on the principles of mutual benefit, fairness, and respect for national sovereignty.

CURBING THE ARBITRARINESS OF RESERVE CURRENCY ISSUERS

This coalition could be comprised of large independent states (BRICS); the developing world (most of Asia, Africa, and Latin America), which has been discriminated against in the current global financial and economic system; CIS countries interested in balanced development without conflicts; and those European nations not prepared to obey the disparaging U.S. diktat. The coalition should take measures to eliminate the fundamental causes of the global crisis, including:
the uncontrolled issuance of global reserve currencies, which allows issuers to abuse their dominant position, thus increasing disproportions and destructive tendencies in the global financial and economic system;
the inability of existing mechanisms regulating banking and financial institutions to ward off excessive risks and financial bubbles;
an exhausted potential for growth within the prevailing technology-based economic system and lack of conditions for creating a new one, including insufficient investment for the broad use of basic technological solutions.
Conditions must be created to allow the national fiscal authorities to lend money for building an economy based on new technologies and carrying out economic modernization, and to encourage innovation and business activities in areas of potential growth. The issuers of reserve currencies must guarantee their stability by capping the national debt and payment and trade balance deficits. Also, they will have to use transparent mechanisms for issuing currencies and ensure free exchange for all assets trading in their countries.
Another important requirement issuers of global reserve currencies should meet is compliance with fair rules of competition and non-discriminatory access to financial markets. Other countries observing similar restrictions should be able to use their national currencies as an instrument of foreign trade and currency and financial exchanges, and allow their use as reserve currencies by partner countries. It would be advisable to group national currencies seeking the status of global or regional reserves into several categories depending on the issuers’ compliance with certain standards.  
In addition to introducing rules for issuers of global reserve currencies, measures should be taken to strengthen control over capital flows to prevent speculative attacks that destabilize international and national currency and financial systems. Members of the coalition will need to forbid transactions with offshore jurisdictions and make refinancing inaccessible to banks and corporations created with offshore residents. The currencies of countries that fail to follow these rules should not be used in international settlements.
A major overhaul of international financial institutions is necessary to ensure control over the issuers of global reserve currencies. Participating countries must be represented fairly, on objective criteria, such as their share in global production, trade, and finances; their natural resources; and population. The same criteria should be applied to an emerging basket of currencies for new SDRs (Special Drawing Rights) that can be used as a yardstick for determining the value of national currencies, including reserve currencies. Initially, the basket could contain the currencies of those coalition members that agree to observe these rules. 
Such ambitious reforms will require proper legal and institutional support. To this end, the coalition’s decisions should be given the status of international commitments; and UN institutions, relevant international organizations, and all countries interested in reforms should be broadly involved.
In order to encourage application of socially important achievements of a new technological mode globally, countries will have to devise an international strategic planning system of socio-economic development. It should provide long-term forecasts for scientific and technological development; define prospects for the global economy, regional associations and leading countries; look for ways to overcome disproportions, including development gaps between industrialized and emerging economies; and set development priorities and indicative targets for international organizations.
The U.S. and other G7 countries will most likely reject the above proposals for reforming the international currency and financial system without discussion out of fear that they could undermine their monopoly, which allows them to issue world currencies uncontrollably. While reaping enormous benefits from this system, leading Western countries limit access to their own assets, technologies, and labor by imposing more and more restrictions.
If the G7 refuses to “make room” in the governing agencies of international financial organizations for the anti-war coalition, the latter should master enough synergy to create alternative global regulators. 
The BRICS could serve as a prototype and take the following measures to maintain economic security:
create a universal payment system for BRICS countries and issue a common payment card that would incorporate China’s UnionPay, Brazil’s ELO, India’s RuPay, and Russian payment systems;
build an interbank information exchange system similar to SWIFT and which is independent from the United States and the European Union;
establish its own rating agencies.

RUSSIA AS UNWILLING LEADER

Russia will have a leading role in building a coalition against the U.S. since it is most vulnerable and will not succeed in the ongoing confrontation without such an alliance. If Russia fails to show initiative, the anti-Russian bloc currently being created by the U.S. will absorb or neutralize Russia’s potential allies. The war against Russia the U.S. is inciting in Europe may benefit China, because the weakening of the U.S., the European Union, and Russia will make it easier for Beijing to achieve global leadership. Also, Brazil could give in to U.S. pressure and India may focus on solving its own domestic problems.
Russia has as much experience of leadership in world politics as the U.S. It has the necessary moral and cultural authority and sufficient military-technical capabilities. But Russian public opinion needs to overcome its inferiority complex, regain a sense of historical pride for the centuries of efforts to create a civilization that brought together numerous nations and cultures and which many times saved Europe and humanity from self-extermination. It needs to bring back an understanding of the historical role the Russian world played in creating a universal culture from Kievan Rus’, the spiritual heir to the Byzantine Empire, to the Russian Federation, the successor state of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire. Eurasian integration processes should be presented as a global project to restore and develop the common space of nations from Lisbon to Vladivostok, and from St. Petersburg to Colombo, which for centuries lived and worked together.

A SOCIAL-CONSERVATIVE SYNTHESIS

A new world order could be based on a concept of social-conservative synthesis as an ideology that combines the values of world religions with the achievements of the welfare state and the scientific paradigm of sustainable development. This concept should be used as a positive program for building an anti-war coalition and establishing universally understandable principles for streamlining and harmonizing social, cultural, and economic relations worldwide. 
International relations can be harmonized only on the basis of fundamental values shared by all major cultures and civilizations. These values include non-discrimination (equality) and mutual acceptance, a concept declared by all confessions without dividing people into “us” and “them.” These values can be expressed in notions of justice and responsibility, and in the legal forms of human rights and freedoms.
The fundamental value of an individual and equality of all people irrespective of their religious, ethnic, class, or other background must be recognized by all confessions. This stems, at least in monotheistic religions, from the perception of the unity of God and the fact that every faith offers its own path to salvation. This outlook can eliminate violent religious and ethnic conflicts and permit every individual to make a free choice. But there must be legal mechanisms in place to enable confessions to participate in public life and resolve social conflicts.
This approach will help neutralize one of the most destructive means of chaotic global warfare employed by the U.S.—the use of religious strife to incite religious and ethnic conflicts that develop into civil and regional wars.
The role of religion in molding international politics will provide the moral and ideological basis for preventing ethnic conflicts and resolving ethnic contradictions using national social policy instruments. Various religions can also be engaged in charting social policy, thus providing a moral framework for government decisions, restraining the attitude of permissiveness and laxity that dominates the minds of the ruling elites in developed countries, and bringing back an understanding of the authorities’ social responsibility to society. As the shaken values of the welfare state gain strong ideological support, political parties will have to acknowledge the importance of moral restrictions that protect the basic principles of human life.
The concept of social-conservative synthesis will lay the ideological groundwork for reforming international currency, financial, and economic relations on the principles of fairness, mutual respect for national sovereignty, and mutually advantageous exchanges. This will require certain restrictions on the freedom of market forces that constantly discriminate against most people and countries by limiting their access to wealth.
Liberal globalization has undermined the ability of countries to influence the distribution of national income and wealth. Transnational corporations uncontrollably move resources that were previously controlled by national governments. The latter have to trim back social security in order to keep their economies attractive to investors. State social investments, the recipients of which no longer have a national identity, have lost their potency. As the U.S.-centered oligarchy gets hold of an increasingly greater part of income generated by the global economy, the quality of life is dwindling in open economies and the gap in access to public wealth is widening. In order to overcome these destructive tendencies, it will be necessary to change the entire architecture of financial and economic relations and restrict the free movement of capital. This should be done in order to prevent transnationals from evading social responsibility, on the one hand, and to even out social policy costs shared by national states, on the other.
The former means eliminating offshore jurisdictions, which help evade tax obligations, and recognizing the nation states’ right to regulate transborder movement of capital. The latter would mean establishing minimal social criteria to ensure accelerated improvement of social security in relatively poor countries. This can be done by creating international mechanisms for balancing out living standards, which, in turn, will require proper funding.
Acting along the concept of a social-conservative synthesis, the anti-war coalition could move to reform the global social security system. A fee of 0.01 percent of currency exchange operations could provide funding for international mechanisms designed to even out living standards. This fee (of up to $15 trillion a year) could be charged under an international agreement and national tax legislation, and transferred to the authorized international organizations which include the Red Cross (prevention of and response to humanitarian catastrophes caused by natural disasters, wars, epidemics, etc.); the World Health Organization (prevention of epidemics, reduction of infantile mortality, vaccination, etc.); ILO (global monitoring of compliance with safety regulations and labor legislation, including wages not less than the subsistence level and a ban on the use of child and compulsory labor; labor migration); the World Bank (construction of social infrastructure facilities – water supply networks, roads, waste water disposal systems, etc.); UNIDO (transfer of technologies to developing countries); and UNESCO (support of international cooperation in science, education and culture, cultural heritage protection). Spending should be made according to the budgets approved by the UN General Assembly.
Another task to tackle is the creation of a global environmental protection system financed by polluters. This can be done by signing an international agreement establishing across-the-board fines for pollution and earmark them for environmental protection under national legislation and under the supervision of an authorized international organization. Part of this money should be committed to global environmental activities and monitoring. An alternative mechanism can be based on trade in pollution quotas under the Kyoto Protocol.
An important aspect is the creation of a global system for eliminating illiteracy and ensuring public access to information and modern education throughout the world. This will require standardizing minimum requirements for comprehensive primary and secondary education and subsidizing underdeveloped countries with revenue generated by the tax mentioned above. There must be a universally accessible system of higher education services provided by leading universities in major industrialized countries. The latter could assign admission quotas for foreign students selected through international contests and paid for from the same source. Simultaneously, the participating universities could set up a global system of free distance learning for all individuals with secondary education. UNESCO and the World Bank could commit themselves to creating and supporting the necessary information infrastructure, while drawing funds from the same source.

ANTI-CRISIS HARMONIZATION OF THE WORLD ORDER

The growing gap between rich and poor countries is threatening the development and the very existence of humanity. The gap is created and sustained by national institutions in the U.S. and allied countries that arrogate certain international economic exchange functions proceeding from their own interests. They have monopolized the right to issue the world’s currency and use the revenue for their own benefit, giving their banks and corporations unlimited access to loans. They have monopolized the right to establish technical standards, thus maintaining technological supremacy of their industry. They have imposed upon the world their own international trade rules that require all other countries to open up their markets and limit substantially their own ability to influence the competitiveness of their national economies. Finally, they have forced the majority of countries to open up their capital markets, thus ensuring the domination of their own financial tycoons, who keep multiplying their wealth by exercising a currency monopoly.  
It is impossible to ensure a sustainable and successful socio-economic development without eliminating the monopoly on international economic exchange used for private or national interests. Global and national restrictions can be imposed to support sustainable development, harmonizing global public affairs, and eliminating discrimination in international economic relations.
In order to ward off a global financial catastrophe, urgent measures need to be taken to create both a new, safe, and efficient currency and a financial system based on the mutually advantageous exchange of national currencies. This new system would exclude the appropriation of global seniority in private or national interests.
To level out socio-economic development opportunities, emerging economies need free access to new technologies, conditioned on their promise not to use them for military purposes. Countries that agree to such restrictions and open up information about their defense budgets will be exempted from international export control constraints and receive assistance in acquiring new developmental technologies. 
An international mechanism to prevent multinational companies from abusing their monopoly power on the market could ensure fair competition. The WTO could exercise anti-trust control under a special agreement binding for all member states. This would allow economic entities to demand elimination of monopoly power abuses by transnational corporations and seek compensation for losses from such abuses by imposing sanctions against the entities at fault. Apart from overstated or understated prices, quality falsifications, and other typical examples of unfair competition, the payment of wages below the ILO-defined minimum regional subsistence level should also be regarded as an abuse. In addition, there should be reasonable price regulation for the products and services of global and regional natural monopolies.
Because of unequal economic exchanges, countries should be allowed to retain the right to regulate their national economies in order to equalize socio-economic development levels. In addition to WTO mechanisms protecting domestic markets from unfair foreign competition, such equalizing measures could also be achieved by encouraging scientific and technological progress and providing state support to innovation and investment activities; establishing a state monopoly on the use of natural resources; introducing currency controls to limit capital flight and prevent speculative attacks on national currencies; retaining government control over strategic industries; and using other mechanisms to boost competitiveness.
Fair competition in the IT sector is essential. Access to the global information networks must be guaranteed to all people throughout the world as both information consumers and suppliers. This market can be kept open by using stringent antitrust restrictions that will not allow any one country or group of countries to become dominant.
To ensure that all parties to the global economic exchange observe international and national rules, there must be penalties for violators under an international agreement that would enforce court rulings regardless of their national jurisdiction. However, one should be able to appeal a ruling in an international court whose judgment will be binding on all states.   
Binding rules and penalties for non-compliance (alongside penalties for breaking national laws) would give international agreements priority over national legislation. Countries that break this principle should be restricted from participating in international economic activities by excluding their national currencies from international settlements, imposing economic sanctions against residents, and limiting those operations on international markets.
In order to enforce all of these fundamental changes in international relations, a strong coalition will have to be created, capable of overcoming the resistance of the U.S. and G7 countries, which reap enormous benefits from their dominance on global markets and in international organizations. This coalition should be ready to use sanctions against the U.S. and other countries that refuse to recognize the priority of international obligations over national regulations. Rejecting the U.S. dollar in international settlements would be the most effective way to coerce the U.S. into being cooperative.
The anti-war coalition should offer a peaceful alternative to the arms race as a means of encouraging a new round of technological development. This alternative would lie in broad international cooperation geared towards solving global problems that require concentration of resources for creating cutting-edge technologies. For example, there is no ready-made solution to protect the planet from threats stemming from deep space. Developing such solutions will require technological breakthroughs that can be achieved by combining the efforts of leading countries and by sharing costs.
The paradigm of sustainable development rejects war as such. Instead of confrontation and rivalry, it is based on cooperation and collaboration as a means of concentrating resources in promising areas of scientific and technological research. Unlike the arms race provoked by geopolitics, it can provide a better scientific and organizational basis for managing a new technological mode. The latter will drive the development of healthcare, education, and culture, which can hardly be spurred by defense expenditures. These non-productive sectors and science will account for as much as a half of GDP in major industrialized countries in upcoming years. Therefore, a forward-looking solution would include shifting the focus of government attention from defense spending to humanitarian programs, primarily in medicine and bioscience. Since the state pays more than half of health, education, and science expenditures, such a shift would facilitate systematic management of socio-economic development and curb destructive trends.
*  *  *
A new election cycle will begin in the U.S. in 2017 that is likely to be underscored by anti-Russian rhetoric as the ideological basis for the world war Washington is trying to unleash in a bid to retain its power. By that time, the crisis in the American financial system may have resulted in budget spending cuts, devaluation of the dollar, and declining living standards.
Domestic problems and foreign policy crises will cause the U.S. government to ramp up its aggressive tactics, while at the same time weakening its positions. If Russia mobilizes its intellectual, economic, and military potential, it will have a chance to get through conflicts in 2015-2018 in view of the fact that the U.S. and its allies will still not be prepared for direct aggression.
Russia will face the most dangerous period in the early 2020s when industrialized countries and China are expected to begin their technological modernization and the U.S. and other Western countries will emerge from financial depression and make a technological leap forward. But Russia may dramatically fall behind technologically and economically in 2021-2025, which will impair its defense capabilities and spur internal social and ethnic conflicts in much the same way as what happened in the Soviet Union in the late 1980s. These conflicts will be fomented both from outside and inside, using social inequality, development gaps between regions, and economic problems. In order to avoid the worst possible scenario leading to the disintegration of the country, Russia will need to adopt a systemic domestic and foreign policy for strengthening national security, ensuring economic independence, improving international competitiveness, boosting economic development, mobilizing society, and upgrading the defense industry.
By 2017, when the U.S. starts threatening Russia openly and on all fronts, the Russian army should have modern and effective weapons, Russian society should be consolidated and confident of its strength, intellectuals should be in control of the new technological mode, the economy should be growing, and Russian diplomacy should succeed in building a broad-based anti-war coalition capable of pooling efforts in order to stop American aggression.

eng.globalaffairs.ru/print/number/The-Threat-of-War-and-the-Russian-Response-16988

Konstantin Dolgov Presenting the 3rd edition of the White Book on Crimes in Ukraine

MOSCOW, December 3. TASS

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tass.ru/en/world/764878

Neo-Nazi marches in Ukraine pose a threat to the entire international community, Russian Foreign Ministry’s Commissioner for Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law Konstantin Dolgov said on Wednesday, presenting the 3rd edition of the White Book on crimes in Ukraine.

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www.mid.ru/bdomp/brp_4.nsf/main_eng

He said that mass marches of neo-Nazis under fascist slogans were held in Ukraine on October 14.
“Why does this happen in Europe of the 21st century?” the diplomat wondered. “What is happening presents a major threat to the entire international community,” he added.

Use of phosphorous and cluster bombs in Ukraine’s east

Ukrainian government forces used phosphorus and cluster bombs, Grad and Uragan multiple rocket launchers and Tochka-U ballistic missiles against the population in the south-east of the country, the Russian Foreign Ministry said in its White Book.
Along with heavy weapons and warplanes, Ukrainian authorities used such ammunition as incendiary, phosphorous and cluster bombs, howitzer artillery and 240-mm mortar systems, the report said.
Kiev’s actions in Ukraine’s south-east can be defined as war crimes, Konstantin Dolgov said, presenting the third edition of the White Book on crimes in Ukraine on Wednesday.

“Certainly, all such facts can be taken as nothing but war crimes which were committed and are still being committed against civilians,” Dolgov added.

Non-politicized assessment of Ukrainian crisis

Russia urges international media and organizations to make non-politicized assessments of the causes of the Ukrainian crisis, the Russian Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday.
“We are convinced that distraction from reality and attempts to conceal it from the international community or to manipulate public opinion are a hypocritical and dead-locked path,” the ministry said.

Kiev, West try to put up obstacles to Russian aid delivery

The book also runs that Kiev and western countries try to put up obstacles to Russia’s efforts to deliver humanitarian aid to eastern Ukraine.
There’s a humanitarian catastrophe in eastern Ukraine as a result of Kiev’s military operations. United Nations experts said up to 60% of homes were destroyed in cities of the region, the ministry said.
In this situation it is cynical that Kiev and some Western capitals put various obstacles to Russian practical efforts to send humanitarian convoys to deliver aid for the population, the ministry added.

Probe into Boeing crash

An effective and unbiased probe into the Boeing crash near war-torn eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk is soft-pedalled in violation of the UN Security Council resolution, Russian Foreign Ministry said in the third edition of the White Book of rights violations and supremacy of law principle in Ukraine covering the period from July to November 2014 posted on the ministry’s website on Wednesday.
“Yet, an effective and unbiased investigation of this tragedy is not conducted obviously in violation of UN Security Council Resolution 2166 adopted on July 21, 2014 and International Civil Aviation Organization rules is soft-pedalled by those who are not interested in finding the truth,” the document said.

A Press Conference by Konstantin Dolgov pressria.ru/pressclub/20141203/949774471.html

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TRANSLATED HIGHLIGHTS FROM 3rd WHITE BOOK
crimea-24.com/novorossiya/25118-mid-rf-vipustilo-tretyu-beluyu-knigu-o-prestupleniyah-na-ukraine.html

The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a third edition of the “White Paper violations of human rights and the rule of law in Ukraine” for the July-November 2014, the text of which was published on December 3 at the Foreign Ministry website.
Presentation of evidence include: inefficient crash investigation Malaysia Airlines Boeing MH17, irregularities during the election campaign to the parliament and the use of cluster munitions.

Thus, the Russian Foreign Ministry said that parliamentary elections were marked by an unprecedented number of gross violations during the election campaign, election day and vote counting.

“Held October 26, 2014 special elections to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine were marked by an unprecedented number of gross violations of basic international standards for democratic elections, which were recorded during the election campaign, election day and vote counting”, – stated in the publication.

As highlighted in the “White Paper”, this situation, including its roots, “prepared in detail in the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation, the analytical report on the said elections in Ukraine.”

On the investigation of the crash Boeing

Effective and impartial investigation into the crash near Donetsk of Boeing MH17 played down in violation of UN Security Council resolutions, according to the publication.

“Until now, effective and impartial investigation of this tragedy is not carried out and it is obvious – in violation of UN Security Council Resolution 2166 of 21 July 2014 and the rules of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) – descends on the brakes to those who are not interested in establishing the truth” – the document says.

On the use of cluster munitions in the Donbas

Ukrainian authorities used against the civilian population of Donbass phosphorus and cluster munitions systems “Grad” and “Hurricane” ballistic missile “Tochka-U”, says the publication.

“Along with heavy weapons and military aircraft Ukrainian authorities against the civilian population … used such barbaric means as incendiary weapons, phosphorus and cluster munitions, multiple rocket launchers” Grad “and” Hurricane “ballistic missile” Tochka-U “howitzer artillery 240-mm self-propelled mortar “Tulip”, – stated in the book.

As stated in the publication, these data are confirmed by the media, eyewitnesses, reputable human rights NGOs such as Human Rights Watch and “Amnesty International”, a trusted source of some foreign journalists in Western governments and intelligence agencies.

“In October, as a result of a blow aimed at the residential areas of Donetsk from the territories controlled by the Ukrainian security forces and battalions of the National Guard, once again killed the children that can only be characterized as a war crime committed against the civilian population, – emphasized in the White Paper. – In the Donetsk and Lugansk region mass graves with signs of extrajudicial executions were found.

Refugees and Civilian Displacement

“In the areas affected by the fighting, continue to be about 2.5 million people. The number of internally displaced persons in Ukraine in October approached 415 thousand. Man. The total number of persons on the territory of Russia fleeing the bloody conflict zones of Ukraine, according to the Federal Migration Service of Russia, more than 830 thousand people. – said White Paper.

“At the same time judging by the thriving militant nationalism of Ukrainian politicians, sounding out of their mouths misanthropic calls, support for neo-Nazi actions and torchlight processions in different cities of Ukraine, the above-mentioned figures, seems to have little chance of remaining static.”

About Minsk arrangements

“The fundamental position of the Russian Federation remains unchanged: in favor of strict observance of the Minsk agreement on both sides, – emphasized in the publication. – Kiev’s time to finally stop the reckless attempts to solve the problem of relations with the south-east of the country with tanks, guns and other military ways, renounce violence and to negotiate with the representatives proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk people’s republics. ”

“No other way, and this without talking heads of Ukraine and their foreign patrons of the establishment of Ukrainian democracy is absurd,” – the document says.

About unjustified detention of citizens

Moscow has information about the unjustified imprisonment of citizens, distributed via the Internet information about the real situation in the Donbas, says the publication.

“The period under review was characterized by the rapid degradation of the situation in the field of freedom of expression and restrict the activities of undesirable Kiev government media – the document says. – International News Safety Institute has recognized Ukraine as the most dangerous country in the world for journalists.”

“In early August, killed near Donetsk was photojournalist MIA” Russia Today “Andrew Stenin – – Continued attacks, assaults, beatings and abductions of journalists. There are reports of arrests and unjustified imprisonment of citizens, distributed via the Internet information about the real state of affairs.”

“Ukrainian information space is under the pressure of tight political censorship, – emphasized in the third edition of the book. – Broadcasting authorities blocked all the popular Russian TV channels in Ukraine. Against local officials who continue their retransmission, initiating a criminal case. ”

“The rapidly developing practice of political persecution and widespread persecution of the politicians supporting an approach different from Kiev held a cynical course – the document says. – For this purpose, the murder of political opponents, the fabrication of criminal cases, illegal searches, confiscation of property, assault and bullying banal tricks such as “junk lustration” and other illegal methods of influence, contrary to the principle of the rule of law and democratic standards. ”

About the delivery of aid to the Donbass

“As a result of the fighting southeast of Kiev Ukraine was able to humanitarian catastrophe. According to UN experts, in some cities of the region partial or complete destruction of the housing stock by up to 60% “, – stated in the document.

“Against this background, cynical and flimsy various obstacles erected from Kiev and some Western capitals against practical efforts by the Russian Federation, directing the population of the southeast of Ukraine convoys of vital humanitarian aid”, – emphasized in the publication.

On the citizens of Ukraine in Russia

The total number of Russian citizens are in the Ukraine was as of the end of November, were more than 830 thousand people, according to the publication.

“According to the Russian Federal Migration Service, November 20, the total number of Russian citizens are in Ukraine is 831,085 thousand people. – the book says. – In Russia there is deployed 795 temporary accommodation centers in which there are 38,643 people, including 12,046 children up to 18 years.

486,233 citizens of Ukraine in the territorial bodies of Russia have applyed to the Russian Foriegn Ministry Service to determine their legal status. 243,141 of them apply for temporary asylum in Russia and 5,721 submitted applications for recognition as a refugees.

Moscow calls for non-politicized estimates

“Russia calls on the international community to exert pressure on the Ukrainian authorities to ensure that they take real steps to comply with the obligations in the field of human rights, including the fundamental and inalienable right to life, prohibition of torture and inhuman and degrading treatment, freedom of expression, the media, assembly and association, – stated in the publication.

“All crimes committed during the Ukrainian crisis must be objectively, fairly and effectively investigated, – the document says. – It is primarily concerned with the murder of Russian journalist, “the case of snipers” in Kiev, the tragedy of the people burned alive in the House of Trade Unions in Odessa, shooting civilians in Mariupol, disaster Malaysian airliner, mass graves uncovered in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions with evidence of mass executions , the deaths of children under artillery shells, disproportionate use of force, the use of prohibited weapons, including cluster, incendiary, white phosphorus, tactical weapons, ballistic missiles. ”

“It is crucial that the Ukrainian authorities to stop the “bandaging” and begin an independent, impartial, effective and transparent investigation of the above facts,” – emphasized in the publication.

“We call on the international media, human rights organizations of the United Nations, the OSCE and the Council of Europe, the organization of the non-governmental sector to take an active, fair and non-politicized approach to the assessment of the causes of the Ukrainian crisis and its development, – the document says. – We are convinced that suspended from the realities of trying to hide from the world community or to manipulate public opinion – the way hypocritical and hopeless. ”

Source

KAZAKH PARLIAMENT MEMBERS TOOK PART IN CSTO PA MEETING IN SAINT PETERSBURG

Kazakh Senate Speaker Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and Majilis Speaker Kabibulla Dzhakupov took part in the 7th Plenary Session of the Collective Security Treaty Organization’s Parliamentary Assembly in Saint Petersburg, the press service of the Majilis reports.

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The Kazakh delegation included Senators Kairat Ishchanov and Akhan Bizhanov and Majilis members Maulen Ashimbayev, Victor Rogalev, Kamal Burkhanov, Meruert Kazbekova and Nurlan Abdirov.
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The meeting participants discussed topical security issues in the CIS, implementation progress of the CSTO PA’s Action Plan on the approximation and harmonization of national legislation of the CSTO member states for 2011-2015 and suggestions for development of a similar action plan for 2016-2020, as well as shared views on the future development of parliamentary cooperation within the CSTO.
The attendees also considered recommendations for harmonization of the CSTO member states’ legislation regarding refugees and asylum seekers, information and communications security and critical facilities security.
The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the Collective Security Treaty (CST) which was signed on May 15, 1992. At the moment, the members of the Organization are Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO PA) discusses cooperation of the CSTO member states in the international, military and political, legal and other spheres and develops relevant recommendations, which it submits to the Collective Security Council, other CSTO bodies and national parliaments. In addition, the CSTO PA adopts standard (model) legislative acts aimed at regulating legal relations within the CSTO’s competence, as well as recommendations on approximation of the CSTO member states’ legislation and harmonization with the provisions of international agreements concluded by these states within the CSTO.

The Doctrine of the party “Nur Otan”

DOCTRINE

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nurotan.kz/en/doctrine

The Doctrine of the party “Nur Otan” was submitted for public and inner discussion in August 2013. There were received more than 300 proposals from regional branches, social and political organizations, members of Parliament, members of the creative and scientific intelligentsia, experts, Internet – users.
Document has been substantially amended and adopted at the XV Congress of the Party in October 18, 2013 in view of all suggestions and comments.

1. MISSION OF THE «NUR OTAN» PARTY IN THE XXI CENTURY

“Nur Otan” – people’s party. We bear responsibility for the future of the country. From the date of the basis our party consistently realized large-scale reforms in economy and politics with the purpose of improvement of conditions for development of an individual, society and the state.
Under the leadership of Elbasy – the founder of the Party – the nation of Kazakhstan created a safe society and a democratic state with dynamically developing economy. Early realization of essential provisions of “Kazakhstan-2030”  Strategy became the main result of our hard work.
Today the historical task – creation of statehood – had been solved. It is the result of unity and consent, constant hard work, general aspirations and hopes of all citizens of Kazakhstan.
The “Nur Otan” party is the dominating political force consolidating society and providing realization of the State course of Elbasy.
The doctrine of the party defines “Nur Otan” party’s mission in the XXI century and our role in ensuring effective realization of the “Kazakhstan-2050” Strategy.
Our mission is to ensure evolutionary development and creation of the democratic, prospering, competitive and socially focused state where each determined, law-abiding and hardworking citizen will benefit himself and the society.
Our main domain – Independence of the country

The fundamental value of our people is Independence. As a result of it all the achievements of Kazakhstan became possible. Independence is the cornerstone.
Having created a strong base of the established state, we will further continue strengthening unity and a consent of our people.
All efforts of the state, society and citizens have to be directed towards strengthening the independence. Safety of the statehood is our duty to our past and future generations to come.
Our idea – prosperity of Kazakhstan

Today necessary conditions for a sustainable development of the state are founded.
For us prosperity is the high rates of the economic growth providing steady improvement of quality of life of all citizens. Therefore our key task is the formation of strong middle class acting as a basis of a firm economy and political stability.
We take responsibility for further prosperity of Kazakhstan.
Our political platform – centrism

Since the first days of Independency Elbasy pursues the strategy of centrism based on stability and unity, social and economic pragmatism, a sustainable development and balance of interests of the majority of population.
Responsibility for future of the people and public dialogue are the key conditions of all our decisions making and actions taking processes.
Our political ideal – Elbasy

The first President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev is the founder of our party.
We relate finding of Independence and recognition of achievements of Kazakhstan with his name on the international scene.
Elbasy’s state course defines the future for our people.
Elbasy has not only designated strategic objectives for Kazakhstan, but has also created conditions for the achievement of those objectives.
His wisdom, humanity, strong will, aspiration for the better future and selfless service to the people will always be an example for us and future generations to come.

2. OUR VALUES

Individual

Our main value is a humanbeing, his esteem and rights, wellbeing and legitimate interests.
Each citizen since the birth has to have a guaranteed and equal access to the social and other benefits allowing him to be healthy and educated, to work and receive worthy payment, to establish a family and to have his own housing, to provide a secure future for his children.
Freedom

Freedom of a person is an opportunity for a choice. Realization of the rights and freedom of a person, that are guaranteed by the Constitution, is our main task.
Freedom of one person should not fracture freedom of another individual. Freedom is always interrelated with responsibility.
Rule of law

The law protects the rights and freedom of a man and a citizen, dignity of a person, and his private property.
When facing the Law everyone is equal regardless of the status and origin. Strict abidance of the Constitution and the legislation is the base for an evenhanded society and equal opportunities for all.
Justice

Justice is equal opportunities for all.
The state has to create equal conditions for self-realization of citizens. The use of the opportunities presented by the state is a choice and responsibility of the citizens.
Solidarity

The unity of nation and public consent are vital conditions for prosperity of Kazakhstan.
Solidarity is the foundation of unity and consent. Solidarity means mutual trust and mutual responsibility.
Outlines of solidarity are founded in families. It is mutual aid of family members, friends, and neighbors, support of weak by strong, needy by wealthy, sick by healthy and young ones by seniors.
Aspiration for the future

We had always set challenging objectives and accomplished them. Our course towards the future and continuous aspiration to improvement are the major conditions for further prosperity of Kazakhstan.
Therefore search for innovations, work and respect for work of others, conscientious attitude in regards of health and continuous self-development have to become standard of life of every citizen.
Family and Customs

During the era of globalization only those people who value history, culture and native tongue can develop and be successful.
Development of Kazakh language, culture and traditions at preservation of identity of all nationalities is our strategic priority.
Family is the most important institute of preservation of values of our society. In a family the continuity of generations, respect for seniors, care of children, traditions of mutual support, diligence and aspiration to knowledge are formed.
Strengthening of a family and preservation of traditions is the guarantee of development of our statehood. Therefore we have to strengthen a family culture in every possible way.

3 . CITIZEN AND STATE: NEW PRINCIPLES OF INTERACTION

The state on service of citizens

The role of the state in the development of the society was and remains essential. Thus we need to build up absolutely new nature of relationship between the state and its citizens.
The state and citizens are equal allies with constitutionally consolidated rights and duties.
The state has to be focused on service to legitimate interests of citizens, realization of their rights and independence, their strict abidance by the Constitution and the legislation.
Conscientious civil society

Activism of citizens united by common interests for the solution of challenges is one of the most important conditions of development of the country.
Conscientious civil society is a key factor of a democratic development and efficiency of public administration.
The «Nur Otan» party is an integral part of a civil society. Therefore it is important for us to create environment for development of civil initiatives, extensive discussions between public associations, and strengthening of public control.
We have to bear responsibility for the effective interaction between the state and the civil society.
Nation of independent and responsible citizenry

Responsible citizens compose the strong nation, which is ready to make colossal contribution for the development and prosperity of the country.
We see citizens of our country being free, solidary, law-abiding, respecting traditions and the culture, preserving family values and aimed for the successful future.
Education of youth in the spirit of patriotism will always be the key to success and prosperity of Kazakhstan.

4. FACTORS OF GENERAL SUCCESS

Unity and concord

Our country is recognized by the international community as a role model of peace and harmony, where discussions between various cultures and religious practices respectfully take place.
The unity of people and public consent is a reliable base of successful development of Kazakhstan.
We see our society pluralistic, with a wide range of views and ideas. Unity and consent preservation in the country will depend on further development and efficiency of democratic institutes.
Therefore we have to fully promote strengthening of democratic culture and traditions in our society.
Unique culture and spirituality

The culture and spirituality unite society.
The culture is the major sphere of life which is presented in art, historical heritage, traditions and language.
We support preservation and enhancement of cultural and spiritual wealth that define the uniqueness of our society.
Kazakhstan is an example of an interfaith consent, which is the world center for communication between religious practices. In our secular state the belief and religion is an important source of spirituality, morals and tolerance.
During the era of intensive interpenetration of cultures it is necessary for us to adopt the best ideas from the rest of the world and to keep our own cultural uniqueness.
Strong economy

The economic policy has to be directed towards improvement of quality of life of all citizens.
We support inviolability of private property, fair competition, macroeconomic stability, secure investment environment, balanced development of all regions, diversification of economy, development of infrastructure, stimulation of innovations and export. Such approach creates necessary conditions for realization of enterprise initiative, provides stability and flexibility of economy.
Entrepreneurship is a driving force of economic development, the main conductor of innovations that carries out important social mission on employment, makes a basis of middle class and supports the civil society. Therefore, we fully support the domestic business world.
Mutual responsibility and partnership have to be the most important principles in relations between the state and business world.
Basis of economy of the XXI century are the science and innovations, highly effective, energy saving and environmentally friendly technologies.
Introduction of ecological thinking is pledge of reasonable use and equitable distribution of natural resources between generations.
Fair social policy

Social policy has to be focused on creation of equal opportunities for realization of potential of each citizen.
All citizens have to have equal access to the social services conforming to high standards of life. It has to be provided through a joint liability of the state, employers and citizens.
Special social help of the state has to be dedicated only to vulnerable segments of the population. The state support has to be focused, first of all, on active involvement of citizens in full-fledged social and economic life.
Intellectual nation

In the modern world a key condition of accelerated economic development is knowledge and innovations.
Innovations and breakthrough technologies are created by educated and professional citizens opened to new ideas and knowledge, who are capable to think critically and creatively, who value their work. Such individuals constitute the basis of intellectual nation.
Development of intellectual potential of the nation depends on system effectiveness of science and education creating incentives and opportunities for improvement of knowledge, skills and abilities throughout the life.
We need to create favorable environment and innovative infrastructure in order to maximize the realization of intellectual potential of our citizens.
Efficient administration of the state

Government bodies have to serve interests of the nation.
We have to provide efficient and excellent service of state for all citizens.
We will further promote development of local government and effective solutions of problems of the population in regions.
To eliminate corruption is a task for all and everyone. Corruption undermines bases of our statehood and democracy. Therefore we will create a system where the conditions for anti-corruption practices will be implemented. Corruption in any of its forms will not be accepted by the nation.
The system of public administration has to be the most transparent and available to public control.
Exposition of Kazakhstan to the world

In the modern world prosperity and safety of the country can be guaranteed only through active and conscientious participation in the being of the international community.
We stand for balanced and diversified foreign politics of Kazakhstan. The main priorities of foreign politics are protection of national interests, strengthening of defense capability and safety.
For our country vital need and pledge of a sustainable development are integration processes. In their basis always there have to be interests of the people and the state.

5. HISTORICAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE PARTY

We declare that we are ready to face the challenges of the XXI century, to take responsibility for development of the country and future of the nation.
The «Nur Otan» party intends further to keep the dominating role in the life of the country.
For the sake of general wellbeing we are ready for discussions, constructive exchanges of ideas and opinions with all parties and associations.
We are sure that firmness and effective realization of the State course of Elbasy will provide worthy life for all of our citizens!
We have to concentrate and direct the potential, creative energy, optimism and knowledge of each citizen for the benefit of our Fatherland! 
“Nur Otan” is the party of the XXI century! “Nur Otan” is the party of the future!

Xi eyes more enabling int’l environment for China’s peaceful development

Xi eyes more enabling int’l environment for China’s peaceful development

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POSTED
Xinhuanet
Chinese President Xi Jinping, also General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), addresses the Central Foreign Affairs meeting held on Nov. 28 to 29, 2014 in Beijing, capital of China. (Xinhua/Ma Zhancheng)

BEIJING, Nov. 29 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping looked forward to a more enabling international environment for China’s peaceful development as he delivered an address at a conference held here on Friday and Saturday.

At the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs, Xi, who is also General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, underscored the importance of holding high the banner of peace, development and win-win cooperation, pursuing China’s overall domestic and international interests and its development and security priorities in a balanced way, focusing on the overriding goal of peaceful development and national renewal, upholding China’s sovereignty, security and development interests, fostering a more enabling international environment for peaceful development and maintaining and sustaining the important period of strategic opportunity for China’s development.

These efforts will ensure the realization of the “two centenary goals”(doubling the 2010 GDP and per capita income of urban and rural residents and finishing the building of a society of initial prosperity in all respects when the CPC celebrates its centenary and turning China into a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious when the People’s Republic of China marks its centenary) and the Chinese dream of the great renewal of the Chinese nation, Xi said.

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The conference was presided over by Li Keqiang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Premier of the State Council. Attending the conference were: Zhang Dejiang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress; Yu Zhengsheng, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference; Liu Yunshan, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee; Wang Qishan, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and Secretary of the Central Commission for Disciplinary Inspection of the CPC Central Committee and Zhang Gaoli, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council.

Convened by the Central Party Leadership to advance China’s diplomacy under new conditions, this important meeting aims to, following the guidance of the Deng Xiaoping theory, the important thought of the “Three Represents” and the Scientific Outlook on Development, fully implement the decisions of the 18th CPC National Congress and the Third and Fourth Plenums of the 18th CPC Central Committee, gain a full understanding of the changing international developments and China’s external environment, lay down the guidelines, basic principles, strategic goals and major mission of China’s diplomacy in the new era and endeavor to make new advances in China’s foreign relations.

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Chinese President Xi Jinping (C, rear), also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), addresses the central foreign affairs meeting held on Nov. 28 to 29, 2014 in Beijing, capital of China. (Xinhua/Ma Zhancheng)

In his address, Xi Jinping pointed out that since the 18th CPC National Congress, the central Party leadership, bearing in mind China’s domestic and international interests, has maintained continuity and consistency of China’s foreign policy, strengthened overall planning and taken bold initiatives, thus achieving notable progress.

“Keeping in mind new tasks that should be carried out under new conditions, we have worked hard to creatively pursue China’s diplomacy in both theory and practice, highlight the global significance of the Chinese dream and enrich the strategic thinking of peaceful development,” Xi said.

“We have advocated the building of a new type of international relations underpinned by win-win cooperation, put forward and followed a policy of upholding justice and pursuing shared interests and championed a new vision featuring common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security,” he said.

“We have endeavored to build a new model of major-country relations, put forward and practised a neighborhood policy featuring amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness as well as the guideline on China’s relations with Africa featuring sincerity, delivering outcomes, affinity and good faith,” he added.

Xi said these accomplishments would not have been possible without the dedication of comrades engaging in China’s foreign affairs, especially those stationed overseas. On behalf of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, Xi Jinping paid high tribute and extended sincere greetings to all those working on the diplomatic front.

Xi Jinping made an incisive analysis of the evolving global developments and changing international architecture. He stressed that “to have a keen grasp of global developments and follow the underlying trend of the times is a crucially important and constant task that requires our abiding attention.”

China must keep abreast with the global development if it is to achieve its development, Xi said. “It is important to have a global perspective and deep understanding of the underlying trend of the times, make sound, accurate and thorough assessment of the changing international environment and dissect complex phemomena to uncover the essence and, in particular, gain a deep appreciation of the long-term trend.”

“We should be fully mindful of the complexity of the evolving international architecture, and we should also recognize that the growing trend toward a multi-polar world will not change,” Xi said.

“We should be fully aware that the global economic adjustment will not be smooth sailing; but we also need to recognize that economic globalization will not stop,” he said.

“We should be fully alert to the grave nature of international tensions and struggle; but we also need to recognize that peace and development, the underlying trend of our times, will remain unchanged. We should be keenly aware of the protracted nature of contest over the international order; on the other hand, we need to recognize that the direction of reform of the international system will remain unchanged,” said the Chinese leader.
We should fully recognize the uncertainty in China’s neighboring environment, but we should also realize that the general trend of prosperity and stability in the Asia-Pacific region will not change,” he added.

Xi Jinping emphasized that today’s world is changing. It is a world in which new opportunities and new challenges keep emerging, a world in which the international system and international order are going through deep adjustment and a world in which the relative international forces are in profound shift in favor of peace and development.

“In observing the world, we should not allow our views to be blocked by intricate developments. Instead, we should observe the world through the prism of historical laws. All factors considered, we can see that China is still in an important period of strategic opportunity for its development endeavor in which much can be accomplished. Our biggest opportunity lies in China’s steady development and the growth in its strength. On the other hand, we should be mindful of various risks and challenges and skillfully defuse potential crises and turn them into opportunities for China’s development.”

Xi noted that China has entered a crucial stage of achieving the great renewal of the Chinese nation. China’s relations with the rest of the world are going through profound changes; its interactions with the international community have become closer than ever before. China’s dependence on the world and its involvement in international affairs are deepening, so are the world’s dependence on China and its impact on China. “Therefore, in projecting and adopting plans for reform and development, we must give full consideration to both domestic and international markets, both domestic and foreign resources and both domestic and international rules, and use them in a coordinated way.”

Xi stressed that China should develop a distinctive diplomatic approach befitting its role of a major country.

“We should, on the basis of summing up our past practice and experience, enrich and further develop our diplomatic perceptions, and conduct diplomacy with a salient Chinese feature and a Chinese vision. We should uphold the CPC’s leadership and socialism with distinctive Chinese features, and stick to our development path, social system, cultural tradition and values.

“We should continue to follow the independent foreign policy of peace, always base ourselves on our own strength in pursuing the development of the country and the nation, and follow our own path unswervingly. While we pursue peaceful development, we will never relinquish our legitimate rights and interests, or allow China’s core interests to be undermined. We should promote democracy in international relations, and uphold the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence,” Xi said.

“We are firm in our position that all countries, regardless of their size, strength and level of development, are equal members of the international community and that the destiny of the world should be decided by people of all countries. We should uphold international justice and, in particular, speak up for developing countries.”

Xi Jinping underlined the importance of pursuing win-win cooperation and promoting a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation.

“We should continue to follow the win-win strategy of opening-up and a win-win approach in every aspect of our external relations such as political, economic, security and cultural fields.”

“We should uphold justice and pursue shared interests. This means we should act in good faith, value friendship, and champion and uphold justice. We should abide by the principle of non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs, respect the independent choice of development path and social system by people of other countries, promote peaceful resolution of differences and disputes between countries through dialogue and consultation, and oppose the willful use or threat of force.”
Xi pointed out that in conducting China’s diplomacy in both current stage and in the time to come, “We should take an overall approach to national security, strengthen the confidence of the Chinese people in the path, theories and system of socialism with distinctive Chinese features, and ensure China’s durable peace and stability.”

“We should seek other countries’ understanding of and support for the Chinese dream, which is about peace, development, cooperation and win-win outcomes. What we pursue is the wellbeing of both the Chinese people and the people of all other countries.”

“We should firmly uphold China’s territorial sovereignty, maritime rights and interests and national unity, and properly handle territorial and island disputes,” Xi said. “We should uphold China’s development opportunities and space and work hard to form a network of high interdependence and mutual benefit through extensive and mutually beneficial business and technological cooperation. We should make more friends while abiding by the principle of non-alignment and build a global network of partnership.”

“We should increase China’s soft power, give a good Chinese narrative, and better communicate China’s message to the world,” Xi said.

Xi Jinping put forward requirements on expanding and broadening the agenda of China’s diplomatic strategy under new conditions. He stressed that

“we should promote neighborhood diplomacy, turn China’s neighborhood areas into a community of common destiny, continue to follow the principles of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness in conducting neighborhood diplomacy, promote friendship and partnership with our neighbors, foster an amicable, secure and prosperous neighborhood environment, and boost win-win cooperation and connectivity with our neighbors.”

“We should manage well relations with other major countries, build a sound and stable framework of major-country relations, and expand cooperation with other major developing countries,” Xi said. “We should strengthen unity and cooperation with other developing countries and closely integrate our own development with the common development of other developing countries.”

“We should advance multilateral diplomacy, work to reform the international system and global governance, and increase the representation and say of China and other developing countries.”

Xi said, “We should step up results-oriented cooperation, actively advance the building of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, work hard to expand the converging interests of various parties, and promote win-win cooperation through results-oriented cooperation.”

“We should truly uphold justice and pursue shared interests and do a good job in providing foreign aid. We should protect China’s overseas interests and continue to improve our capacity to provide such protection.”

Xi Jinping pointed out that to fully advance China’s diplomacy under new conditions, “we must enhance the central and unified leadership of the Party, reform and improve institutions and mechanisms concerning foreign affairs, step up their coordination among different sectors, government bodies and localities, increase strategic input, ensures well-regulated foreign affairs management, and strengthen the ranks of official managing foreign affairs, so as to provide strong support for opening new horizon in China’s diplomacy.”
Li Keqiang pointed out when presiding over the meeting that General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important and well-focused address provides important guidance for conducting China’s diplomacy both in the current stage and in time to come. All local governments and government bodies should gain a thorough understanding of the address, act in accordance with it and be guided by the decision of the central Party leadership in both thinking and action.

“To this end, we must base ourselves on China’s national condition of being in the preliminary stage of socialism and of being a major developing country, work hard to maintain and make good use of the period of strategic opportunity for China’s development and conduct diplomacy in the interest of building a society of initial prosperity in all respects and meeting the strategic goal of achieving the great renewal of the Chinese nation,” Li said.

“We must strive to build socialism with distinctive Chinese features, give top priority to economic development, manage our own affairs well, continue to enhance China’s economic competitiveness, cultural influence and overall strength and provide strong support for achieving the strategic goal of China’s diplomacy.”

“We must continue to pursue both an independent foreign policy of peace and peaceful development, uphold international justice, work for greater democracy in international relations, promote mutual benefits, advance economic diplomacy, jointly address multiple global challenges, promote the progress of human civilization and continue to open up new horizon in China’s diplomacy,” said Li.

State Councilor Yang Jiechi, who made a summary report of the conference, said that General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important address, which embodies the central Party leadership’s latest creative achievement in diplomatic theory and practices, is of great significance in guiding China’s diplomacy in both the current stage and in time to come.

“We should gain a full understanding of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important address and act on it.”

“We should have a keen appreciation of the new environment, tasks and requirements facing China’s diplomacy, be guided by this important address in thinking, understanding and action and continuously enhance our ability to handle complex international affairs,” Yang said. “All government bodies and local governments should truly act in accordance with this important address, encourage all parties to get actively involved in carrying out foreign exchange and endeavor to make new progress in conducting China’s diplomacy.”

Leading officials from the CPC International Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Culture, Information Office of the State Council, Headquarters of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army, Zhejiang Province and the Chinese Embassy in the United States spoke at the conference.

The conference was attended by members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, members of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, relevant leading officials of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, state councilors, president of the Supreme People’s Court, procurator-general of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate, relevant leading officials of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and members of the Central Military Commission.

The conference was participated by the following officials: leading officials from provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities under direct jurisdiction of the central government as well as the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, cities separately listed in the state plan, relevant central Party, government and military departments and some enterprises and financial institutions under the direct management of the central government, as well as Chinese ambassadors and consuls-general with ambassadorial rank posted overseas, Chinese representatives to international organizations
and commissioners of the Foreign Ministry to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region.